Newsmakers 2017: Research

From neighborhood impact to genuinely out-of-this-world findings, scientific exploration that helped individuals make sense of themselves and the world around them well placed UNLV to achieve its objective of becoming a leading research university.

Trainee and faculty researchers took a look at whatever from the food we eat to the economies of other nations to the survival of humans (or other types!) on other worlds. Here are just a few examples that made the news in 2017.

Astronauts and Cancer Threat

The cancer threat for a human objective to Mars has successfully doubled following a UNLV study anticipating a significant increase in the illness for astronauts traveling to the red planet or on long-term objectives outside the defense of Earth’s electromagnetic field. The research was led by UNLV professor Francis Cucinotta, a previous NASA researcher and a leading scholar on radiation and space physics, and included in lots of publications around the globe.

Walking While Black

A study led by UNLV public health teacher Courtney Coughenour found that vehicle drivers approaching mid-block crosswalks are less most likely to yield for black pedestrians than white pedestrians. And, the pedestrian predisposition is apparently even worse in high-income than low-income neighborhoods. Researchers state the findings– which reproduce and broaden on the results of a comparable study from Portland– may help discuss why individuals of color are disproportionately affected by fatal pedestrian crashes. The study went viral, as well as motivated a spoof on the Funny Central reveal “Hood Adjacent.”

Japanese Integrated Resorts

Entities from around the globe look to UNLV’s International Video gaming Institute (IGI) for resources and training to assist them get ahead.That cross-continental impact was seen this year when Japanese government authorities and magnate commissioned research led by IGI’s Bo Bernhard, Brett Abarbanel, and Jennifer Roberts to direct their country in introducing Japan’s first incorporated casino resorts. IGI’s 2 comprehensive reports– which analyze socioeconomic effect and methods to remove organized crime in gambling establishment management– offer recommendations gleaned from the Nevada’s own history.

Sleep’s Relation to Age and Advancement

Insomnia may be an olden survival system, inning accordance with UNLV anthropologist Alyssa Crittenden and scientists from Duke University and the University of Toronto, Mississauga. The joint research study discovered that mismatched sleep schedules and restless nights may be an evolutionary leftover from a time many, several years ago, when a lion prowling in the shadows might attempt to eat you at 2 a.m. Scientists observed modern hunter-gatherers in Tanzania and concluded that, for individuals who reside in groups, distinctions in sleep patterns typically related to age assistance make sure that a minimum of someone is awake at all times.

Placentophagy

A placebo-controlled study led by UNLV anthropologist Daniel C. Benyshek and co-author Sharon Young in 2015 discovered that consuming encapsulated human placenta, a growing practice known as placentophagy, as a source of dietary iron provided no benefit to postpartum mothers. New findings launched in 2017 concluded that consuming placenta had little to no impact on postpartum state of mind, maternal bonding, or tiredness. Scientists found that ingesting placenta capsules produced noticeable however little modifications in hormonal agent concentrations that appear in a mom’s distributing hormone levels.

What’s In a Name?

A three-part study, conducted in the United States and the U.K. and led by a UNLV psychology professor Rachael Robnett, found that guys whose other halves retain their own surnames after marriage are viewed as submissive and less powerful in the relationship.

Water on Mars

UNLV geoscience teachers studying minerals in meteorites discovered that Mars and the early planetary system may have had more water than formerly believed.

Find out about UNLV news as it occurs at UNLV In the News

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