[unable to obtain full-text content] Beginning on Wednesday, Amazon Prime members in the Las Vegas Valley can save a trip to their area Whole Foods Market and have their groceries delivered. Amazon, which in 2015 bought the grocery chain that promotes natural and natural items …
By Faith Karimi and Debra Goldschmidt, CNN
(CNN)– US health officials are cautioning people to avoid certain foods due to continuous unrelated break outs of digestive tract infections brought on by bacteria, viruses and even parasites prowling in a few of our food.
Here’s exactly what to stay away from:
Hy-Vee, a Midwestern grocery store chain, has recalled a pasta salad that may be connected to at least 20 individuals getting sick from salmonella. Hy-Vee, based in Iowa, sold the 1-pound and 3-pound plastic containers of Spring Pasta Salad in eight states.
The states are Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and South Dakota– where the salmonella illnesses were reported– and Illinois, Missouri, Kansas and Wisconsin.
The product was produced between June 1 and July 13. The bundles have expiration dates between June 22 and August 3.
Symptoms of salmonella start 12 to 72 hours after an individual is infected and include diarrhea, fever and stomach cramping. This can last about four to 7 days, and the majority of individuals recuperate without treatment. Nevertheless, those who develop serious diarrhea might have to be hospitalized. Those who are really young, who are older or who have actually compromised body immune systems are most at threat for complications and extreme cases of illness.
Salmonella is the offender in 90 health problems linked to raw turkey items, according to the Centers for Illness Control and Prevention and the US Department of Agriculture.
The diseases have actually been reported in 26 states given that November. However health officials have actually not identified a brand, item or supplier as the source of the break out.
Patients who have been spoken with reported eating “various types and brand names of turkey items bought from several areas. Two ill people resided in a household where raw turkey pet food was fed to pets,” the CDC stated.
In addition, samples of raw turkey pet food, raw turkey products and live turkeys have actually evaluated positive for the break out strain of salmonella, which could indicate the outbreak is “extensive in the turkey industry,” the CDC stated.
Put down the fork and step far from cut melon or fruit salad blends which contain it.
The US Fda is alerting people in 23 states that the fruit might be infected with salmonella.
The outbreak has impacted 60 individuals mostly in five Midwestern states, with about half of them hospitalized.
Cut watermelon, honeydew and cantaloupe along with fruit salads containing these melons have actually been remembered in Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
The fruits were offered in shops such as Walmart, Kroger, Walgreens, Sprouts Farmers Market, Costco and Whole Foods/Amazon.
Kellogg’s Honey Smacks cereal
Federal health officials desire you to throw out all boxes of Kellogg’s Honey Smacks. The caution is due to an outbreak of salmonella that has actually left 100 individuals sick in 33 states.
The cereal was remembered June 14, but one month later, another cautioning not to consume the cereal was released after the FDA said it was aware that it was still offered.
“Merchants can not legally use the cereal for sale and customers should not acquire Kellogg’s Honey Smacks cereal,” the company stated.
Flowers Foods announced a recall of Swiss rolls since they might be infected with salmonella. The ingredient whey powder was recalled for possible contamination. There have been no reports of disease from Swiss rolls, inning accordance with the business.
Swiss rolls offered across the country under the brand names Mrs. Freshley’s, Food Lion, H-E-B, Baker’s Treat, Market Square, and Great Value have actually been recalled. Captain John Derst’s Old Fashioned Bread dispersed in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina have also been recalled, the company stated.
Ritz Cracker Sandwiches
Mondelez Global LLC revealed a voluntary recall of particular Ritz Cracker Sandwiches and other Ritz Bits items since they consist of whey powder that has actually been recalled for possible salmonella contamination. The products are readily available across the country.
The voluntary recall is a precaution, as no grievances of health problem have been reported, the company said.
The remembered item list includes Ritz Bits cheese cracker sandwiches and blended cookie and cracker range loads.
As a preventative measure, McDonald’s has stopped offering salads in 3,000 places in 14 states to attempt to contain a break out of cyclospora health problem.
The states no longer offering these salads are Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, North Dakota, Kentucky, West Virginia and Missouri.
To this day, 163 cases have been confirmed in 10 states because Might 1, according to the CDC.
The cyclospora parasite triggers digestive health problem as an outcome of consuming infected food or water. Symptoms can begin a week or more after consuming the parasite. They consist of diarrhea and regular, sometimes explosive bowel movements, according to the CDC. Those who are contaminated might likewise experience anorexia nervosa, weight-loss, stomach cramps or pain, nausea, gas and fatigue. Vomiting, headache, fever, body aches and flu-like signs can likewise happen.
The health problem can last from a couple of days to a few months, and patients may feel better but then worsen again. Clients can be treated with prescription antibiotics.
Prior to you get something off that vegetable tray, make sure it hasn’t been recalled.
The FDA is examining at least 237 cases of cyclospora illnesses linked to remembered Del Monte Fresh veggie trays. The trays included broccoli, cauliflower, carrots and dill dip, and they were sold in Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana.
“FDA has not determined which of the components is the vehicle for this outbreak; each part of these vegetable trays is under consideration,” the company said.
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a tiny parasite that pollutes food or water and, when ingested, triggers a digestive illness. Symptoms include diarrhea, with sometimes explosive bowel movements, anorexia nervosa, weight loss, stomach cramps, bloating, nausea and fatigue.
Imported crab meat
Avoid eating fresh crab meat from Venezuela. That’s the suggestions from the FDA due to an outbreak of Vibrio parahaemolyticus that started in April. In all, 12 illnesses have been reported in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Louisiana and the District of Columbia.
“This product is frequently discovered in plastic tubs and might be identified as ‘pre-cooked,'” the FDA stated in its break out announcement.
Symptoms generally begin 24 hours after consuming the germs. They include diarrhea, throwing up, nausea, fever and abdominal discomfort. Twelve people have ended up being sick.
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(USDA).( Meredith/USDA)– Hormel Food Corp. is recalling around 228,614 pounds of canned pork and chicken items that may be polluted with foreign matter, particularly pieces of metal.
The canned pork and chicken items were produced on February 8 through February 10, 2018. The following items are subject to recall:
12-oz. metal cans containing “SPAM Classic” with a “Finest By” date of February 2021 date and production codes:
These products were delivered throughout the United States.What took place? The problem was found after the company received 4 customer problems mentioning that metal items were found in the canned products. There have been reports of minor oral injuries connected with usage of the products. There have been no additional reports of injury or disease from consumption of these items. Anybody concerned about an injury or health problem need to get in touch with a health care provider.Check your kitchen Consumers who have actually bought these items are advised not to consume them.
These items should be thrown away or returned to the location of purchase. Customers with concerns about the recall can get in touch with Consumer Response, Hormel Foods, at (800 )523-4635.
Yasmina Chavez Customers walk into Whole Foods in Henderson, Monday, Aug. 28, 2017. While the eco-minded chain has succeeded, one of the main deterrents from people going shopping there is its reputation for high costs.
Las Vegas Valley consumers seeking natural foods at reasonable costs might have the ability to reduce their number of grocery stops quickly.
On Monday, its first day after finishing its $13.7 billion purchase of Whole Foods, Amazon slashed rates on choose products throughout the stores.
At the Green Valley Parkway area in Henderson, orange tags were affixed to meats, produce and other products to suggest cost decreases. Fresh tilapia and salmon were $2 cheaper per pound than the day previously, and rib-eye steak dropped $3 per pound.
“There are certain things that just Whole Foods has, so that’s exactly what I come here for,” Henderson resident Judy Watson said. “Trader Joe’s is typically my preferred since you can constantly rely on the prices to constantly correspond. Here you have to be a bit more picky and look since you don’t know.”
With some prices already lowered, Amazon assured more changes but would not divulge information.
“As a mother, I would enjoy to not need to shop at five various locations,” Watson said. “It’s amazing, and I would definitely shop here more.”
There are four Whole Foods locations in the valley. While Whole Foods has actually achieved success, among the primary deterrents from individuals shopping at the natural grocer is its credibility for high costs.
“My partner does not prefer to pertain to Whole Foods due to the fact that of the preconception that’s it’s truly expensive,” Henderson resident Dinnia Digennaro stated. “I do not mind paying a little extra more because I felt like the quality of the item is much better. As long as the quality of the food doesn’t decrease, I will continue to go shopping here.”
Local cost changes
Avocados, from $1.99 to $1.49
Tilapia, from $9.99 per pound to $7.99 per pound
Atlantic salmon, from $12.99 per pound to $9.99 per pound
Gallon of organic milk, from $6.59 to $5.99
Ground beef, from $5.99 per pound to $4.99 per pound
Rib eye steak, from $16.99 per pound to $13.99 per pound
Entire chicken, from $3.49 per pound to $2.99 per pound
What will change
Entire Foods had actually been simply starting to test a commitment program. However quickly, consumers at all shops will have the ability to tap Amazon’s $99-a-year Prime program to get discount rates at stores. And they will become able to purchase some Whole Foods products from Amazon.com. Lockers will be added in some locations so Amazon shoppers can pick up e-commerce orders or return products they do not desire.
Those who see the industry anticipate Amazon to press further into grocery shipments, among other things. Entire Foods shops can work as new circulation points for the AmazonFresh delivery service, permitting Amazon to expand where it uses home deliveries. That might consist of an expansion of ready-to-cook meal bundles it’s been checking in selected markets, consisting of Seattle.
Exactly what the offer means
The offer gives Amazon more than 465 physical shops in the U.S., Canada and the U.K. Before the acquisition, Amazon had a little brick-and-mortar presence with less than a dozen book shops, a model convenience store in Seattle and pickup places in some cities near college campuses. The new relationship may also give the Seattle-based business valuable information on how individuals shop in stores, where the vast bulk of retail sales still happen.
Amazon is a professional in utilizing information on past purchases and searching to provide suggestions that might make people buy more, and could start using that in shops along with online.
Entire Foods, meanwhile, gets to breathe out. Before the offer, the chain was under intense pressure from shareholders to improve its monetary outcomes and figure out the best ways to stop customers from going to lower-priced supermarkets to purchase natural foods. Entire Foods CEO John Mackey, who will stay in that function, stated Amazon’s history of development might transform Whole Foods from “the class dunce” to “valedictorian.”
What it indicates for the competition
Shares of supermarkets took a struck when the deal was announced in June, and once again when Amazon said last week that it prepared to cut costs at Whole Foods.
Competitors are rushing to maintain: Kroger is checking online grocery shipment in numerous cities. And Walmart, the country’s biggest grocer, is broadening its online grocery ordering and store-curb pickup to more stores. Recently, Walmart stated it is signing up with forces with Google to let consumers buy goods with their voice on Google-run smartphones and other gadgets.
However regardless of the price drops, Whole Foods might still be costlier than the competition. At a Philadelphia Trader Joe’s, a lots extra-large organic eggs were costing $3.69 on Monday, 30 cents lower than large natural eggs at a Whole Foods shop less than a mile away.
How the offer went through
Regardless of Amazon’s supremacy online, Walmart stays the leading seller overall, with more than 3 times Amazon’s retail revenue. A union that represents food-industry workers had actually asked the Federal Trade Commission to analyze the offer thoroughly, saying it might injure competition, however the United States regulator didn’t see it that method.
The FTC stated last week that it performed an investigation to see if the acquisition reduced competitors and “chose not to pursue” the matter. Normally, offers that bring two direct rivals together raise flags with regulators, however Amazon– despite its online dominance– does not presently have a huge groceries company.
The Associated Press added to this report.
Part I of Two: Amazon and Customer Brands Introduce Major Incursions into the Grocery Company
Credit: Whole Foods Market Supermarket, as soon as thought about more immune to risks from online competition compared to its clothing and outlet store equivalents, might not be as durable as many have long idea– and still think. After Amazon (Nasdaq: AMZN )dropped the bombshell news that it prepares to buy Whole Foods Market Inc. (Nasdaq: WFM) for$ 13.2 billion, some investors and experts are reassessing the prospect for e-commerce to make more fast incursions into the food retail service.
” Once Amazon/Whole Foods’ complete frontal attack on this space begins, I have no doubt that there will be at least a couple of grocery banners that disappear,” Garrick Brown, who manages Cushman & & Wakefield’s retail research, commented.
Other skirmishes in between grocers and online sellers have actually been growing for the previous couple of years and are likewise now heightening. National name-brand food product makers are redirecting millions of dollars into e-commerce efforts to increase sales straight to consumers.
This month, Campbell Soup Co. (NYSE: CPB) revealed strategies to accelerate the company’s digital and e-commerce capabilities by forming an e-commerce system in The United States and Canada and setting a goal of creating $300 million each year in e-commerce sales over the next 5 years.
” E-Commerce is a significant growth opportunity for Campbell, and it represents the future of food commerce,” stated Mark Alexander, president – Americas Basic Meals and Beverages, for Campbell Soup “Only those who arrive in a quick and clever way will win, and Campbell intends to do just that. We have an accelerated method to invest and grow in this space.”
Editor’s Note: While there will constantly be need shops, the type and format of future physical markets are being changed by the growing benefit and cost-savings of online shopping. In this very first of a two-part report, we take a look at the quick changes occurring in the grocery market and their possible influence on retail realty. Part 2 examines the prospective impacts of these changes on retail property. Mark Alexander, president- Americas Basic Meals and Beverages, for Campbell Soup. The relocation is also seen as an action to dropping natural sales in the United States Campbell’s sales, which reduced 1% over the last nine months, driven by a 1% decline in natural sales, showing higher advertising costs and lower volume. In its Americas Simple Meals and Drinks division, the most current sales numbers were down 2%.
In truth, equivalent weighted equivalent grocery store sales development within the market is reducing across the industry. Year-over year grocery sales were increasing a little bit more than 4% each year 3 years ago; that flattened to about 0.3% in fiscal year 2016, according to analysis by CoStar Portfolio Strategy. It deserves keeping in mind that some grocery heavyweights, consisting of SuperValu Inc. (NYSE: SVU) and Whole Foods, recently posted negative exact same shop sales growth.
Campbell’s objective to reach $300 million in e-commerce sales would represent 3.6% of the brand’s annual sales – a low penetration compared with a current report from a Food Marketing Institute/Nielsen Holdings report. That research study projects that online grocery costs might grow throughout the 2016-2025 forecast duration from 4.3% of the overall U.S. food and beverage sales to as much as a 20% share, or reaching more than $100 billion, based on the most upbeat situation. In 2015, online grocery sales were about $20.5 billion.
While such sales forecasts for e-commerce are modest compared with the total store-based sales, any additional decreases in store-based sales is viewed as having actually an amplified impact on grocery revenue margins, which are currently razor thin – one to two cents per dollar according cuts to industry estimates. Food wholesalers, on the other hand, post margins closer to 13 cents on the dollar, according to these same industry estimates.E-Commerce Impact Differs by Goods, Area Julie Calcao, a senior credit analyst in Stone, CO
. For the previous numerous years, grocers have basked in thinking their business model was largely insulated from the impact of e-commerce. Julie Calcao, a senior credit expert at a bank in Stone, CO, is a good example of why it has actually taken longer for e-commerce to make its mark on the grocery service.
” I am a big online buyer when it comes to non-perishable items,” Calcao stated. “However, I want to pick my produce and meat as I am really particular. So, given that I cannot purchase all my groceries online as I want to choose my own, I will continue to drive to the store.”
Nevertheless, U.S. grocery shoppers are warming to online retail as 28% now choose to acquire groceries online regularly, as reported in Acosta’s most current Hot Topic Report, Bricks & & Clicks survey.
Colin Stewart, senior vice president at Acosta. “Amazon’s acquisition of Whole Foods is the perfect example of how the CPG [customer packaged goods] landscape is changing and how innovation and online retail have created a shift in the method people shop for groceries,” stated Colin Stewart, senior vice president at Acosta, a full-service sales and marketing firm.
However, the Acosta report found the effect from online grocery shopping varies depending on where in the country shoppers live and their age.
E-commerce grocery buyers are multi-faceted, though unsurprisingly, they alter towards Millennial age groups and individuals living in densely inhabited urban areas: 23% of older Millennials (ages 30-34), and 14% of younger GenXers (ages 35-39) are thought about regular CPG e-commerce shoppers, indicating they purchase groceries online approximately 50% or more of the time.
Ben Conwell, senior handling director and practice leader for Cushman & Wakefield.” Last year, over 52 % of all online grocery sales in the United States came from just eight states. More specifically, they originated from thick city markets within those states; New york city City, San Francisco, Chicago, Philadelphia, Miami,” said Ben Conwell, senior handling director and practice leader for Cushman & & Wakefield’s e-commerce and electronic satisfaction specialized practice group. “We have still yet to see any large scale successes in the e-grocery area when it comes to sprawl markets or more sparsely inhabited areas.”
And, like the shopping patterns of Calcao, online sales have grown – specifically in dry-goods categories, nonfoods and health and charm care – however brick-and-mortar retail continues to be preferred when grocery shoppers wish to personally choose their fresh meats, fruit, veggie, cheeses and other cooled categories.
” Whether a consumer is clicking online for groceries or browsing the supermarket aisles, it is essential for brand names and merchants to recognize the value and distinct advantages provided by both purchase pathways,” Acosta’s Stewart continued. “E-commerce does not suggest the end of brick-and-mortar shops, but it offers brand-new and various development chances for merchants, which requires them to form a new method tailored to how grocery buyers prefer to buy their foods.”
Not Simply Online, Grocery Stores Confronting More Competitors from Each Other.
While Amazon’s entry into the grocery organisation holds the possibility of brand-new competitors from a free-spending goliath set on blending e-commerce with a physical shop network, more competitors is also coming from a broad range of other grocery business that have actually devoted to considerable store expansions.
The patterns are putting pressure on traditional grocers, specifically the country’s 2 largest– Kroger and Albertsons Cos.– to make some sort of tactical moves.
Kroger’s influence includes $115 billion in grocery sales
per year in 4,000 properties. Rodney McMullen, Kroger chairman, informed analysts last month that it is taking a more hawkish look at expense cutting– one that will “de-emphasize” brand-new shop growth in favor of facilities and digital costs.
The goal, McMullen said, is to get in touch with the customer directly in anyway the client wants to– whether it be in-store shopping, grocery pick-up or shipment. McMullen stated Kroger currently has enough scale to contend in this environment against the likes of Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (NYSE: WMT) and Amazon. Kroger racks up about$ 115 billion in grocery sales each year and owns or leases about 4,000 residential or commercial properties.
Albertsons development prepares consists of more like its 2015 acquisition of Safeway.
The next largest conventional supermarket chain, privately held Albertsons Cos., has invested the year constructing a digital marketing and e-commerce department under Narayan Iyengar, a former e-commerce executive with the Walt Disney Co. In his brand-new role at Albertsons, Iyengar is accountable for leading all elements of digital marketing including loyalty programs, buyer marketing and the general digital existence, as well as the e-commerce business, including house shipment.
” After being fairly untouched by digital for several years, the grocery industry is starting to see several parts of the customer journey being changed by digital. In this context, we have to continue to enhance our digital capabilities,” Iyengar stated.
Albertsons growth strategy is multi-faceted and consists of organic growth through new ground up shopping mall, as well as acquisition of existing operating or closed retail centers.
Publix is set to open 20 brand-new stores this year, with Wegmans preparing a similar growth, mostly in East Coast suburban communities. Kroger plans to open 55 stores and Sprouts is scoping for 40 brand-new places nationwide. German grocer Aldi has revealed a $3.4 billion remodel of its existing storefronts together with a U.S. expansion that will include 900 new areas by 2022. Another German chain, Lidl has started an aggressive entry into the U.S., with prepare for 100 East Coast places by the middle of next year, according to Aaron Martens, research analyst for Marcus & & Millichap Research Services.
Walmart this year is slowing its brand-new store opening expansions in favor of growing comparable store and club sales and e-commerce. Still, in the very first quarter of this year it opened or expanded 305 shops. That compares to 588 in the same quarter a year ago.
[http://www.costar.com/News/Article/E-Commerce-Comes-to-Food-Shopping-Growing-Competition-for-Grocery-Sales-Altering-Outlook-for-Retail-Real-Estate/192841?rpt=1″ target=”_blank”> In Part II of this report, CoStar takes a look at how the competitive pressures in the grocery industry will play out in the retail property arena too. As goes the grocer, so goes the center.]
Analyst: Deal Catapulting E-Tailer Into Leading Ranks of United States Grocery Market is Proof Well-Located Retail Property Will Win Out, Even as E-Commerce Continues Rapid Development
In its very first large-scale push into brick-and-mortar retail, Amazon (Nasdaq: AMZN) revealed this morning it has actually agreed to purchase Whole Foods Market, Inc. (Nasdaq: WFM) in an all-cash merger transaction valued at $13.7 billion.
The historic pairing, together with today’s statement by retail huge Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. that it will buy Bonobos, Inc., a New York-based guys’s clothing merchant that does most of its service online, casts a spotlight on the seismic modifications reshaping the way we purchase items and services.
The transactions reveal the increasing acknowledgement of the interdependence and symbiosis of e-commerce and physical retail. They likewise underscore the heated competition between the country’s retail titans, Amazon and Wal-Mart, as well as Amazon’s recognition that developing a presence in strong retail places, a minimum of in the grocery sector, may be needed to take the fight to its brick-and-mortar rivals across multiple retail sectors.
Under the conclusive contract, Amazon will pay $42 per share to shareholders of Whole Foods, which has had a hard time economically in recent quarters, a 27% premium over its Thursday closing price. The transaction is expected to close in the 3rd or fourth quarter.
Editor’s note: CoStar News will be updating this significant retail and technology story with news and analysis throughout the day.
Amazon in 2015 appeared to be preparing for a significant push into book shops and other physical retail, but defying the forecasts of some analysts, has actually not revealed a major roll out to this day. The ambitious move into the supermarket space would provide Amazon control of the 460 areas in the U.S., Canada and United Kingdom run by Austin-based Whole Foods, which utilizes 87,000 people and reported $16 billion in income for 2016.
‘ Shot Heard Round the World’
The statements were greeted with a lot of commentary by analysts in both the retail and property industries.
Citi REIT equity expert Michael Bilerman described the relocation as a recognition of the long-lasting power of premium, well-located retail real estate.
Bilerman stated the deal is more evidence that online sellers appreciate the power that a brick-and-mortar existence can have as online merchants increasingly have problem with the costs and logistics of both last-mile shipment to shoppers along with product returns and exchanges.
“All this is consistent with our views that high-quality, well-located retail real estate will continue to win out even with ongoing growth in e-commerce,” Bilerman said.
Morgan Stanley & & Co. retail analyst Simeon Gutman noted that while Amazon was anticipated to rake into the physical supermarket space, consisting of reports that it had an interest in opening 2,000 Amazon Fresh grocery stores in the U.S. over Ten Years, “we did unknown in what kind or when.”
“In thinking of other brick-and-mortar classifications, food retail makes good sense for Amazon to go deeper, offered the high frequency of purchases and distinct approach of circulation,” Gutman stated, who explained the offer as the “shot heard round the world.” “Besides auto parts and possibly appeal retail, we do not think there are other categories that are so unique that Amazon would have an interest in pursuing traditional areas.”
While was relatively well known that Amazon had actually planned to pursue a more aggressive brick-and-mortar technique, the small number of bookstore openings up until now have actually been restricted to high-traffic street retail areas, added Bilerman.
“Plainly, Amazon has opted to purchase rather of construct, and in picking a grocer, the seller is acquiring some extremely well-located shops,” Bilerman added.
Under the contract, John Mackey would stay CEO of Whole Foods, established in 1978, and the grocer would continue to operate under its existing brand and maintain its headquarters in Austin.
The partnership is an opportunity to maximize value for Whole Foods investors, a number of which have actually slammed the chain for its sagging stock rate in the intensely competitive U.S. grocer area, while at the very same time leveraging Amazon’s deep pockets and innovation platform.
“Whole Foods Market has actually been pleasing, thrilling and nourishing customers for nearly four years – they’re doing a remarkable task and we want that to continue,” said billionaire Jeff Bezos, Amazon founder and CEO.
The merger has the benefit of “extending our objective and bringing the highest quality, experience, benefit and development to our clients,” stated Mackey, a Whole Foods co-founder.
Updated: 10:30 a.m, 11 a.m., 11:45 a.m. PDT