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Economy’s stubborn reality: Plenty of work, however insufficient pay

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Andrew Spear/ The New York Times Lyndsey Martin has fun with her children in your home in Wakeman, Ohio, Sept. 18, 2017. She made $14 an hour at Janesville Acoustics prior to the factory closed, and she just recently took a job at a beer and wine warehouse for $9 an hour and the possibility of a $1-an-hour raise after 90 days.

Monday, Oct. 16, 2017|2 a.m.

LILLESTROM, Norway– In the three-plus years because Ola Karlsson began painting homes and offices for a living, he has actually seen oil wealth transform the Norwegian economy. He has taken part in a building boom that has refashioned Oslo, the capital. He has watched the lease climb at his house in the center of the city.

What he has not seen in several years is a pay raise, not even as Norway’s joblessness rate has actually remained less than 5 percent, signifying that working hands remain in brief supply.

“The income has actually been at the exact same level,” Karlsson, 49, stated as he took a break from painting a workplace complex in this Oslo suburban area. “I haven’t seen my pay increase in five years.”

His lament resonates far beyond Nordic coasts. In numerous major nations, consisting of the United States, Britain and Japan, labor markets are exceedingly tight, with unemployed rates a fraction of exactly what they were throughout the crisis of recent years. Yet workers are still waiting for an advantage that generally accompanies lower unemployment: fatter paychecks.

Why earnings are not increasing quicker amounts to a central financial puzzle.

Some economic experts argue that the world is still facing the hangover from the worst decline because the Great Anxiety. Once growth acquires momentum, employers will be required to pay more to fill tasks.

However other economists assert that the weak development in salaries is an indicator of a brand-new economic order in which working individuals are at the grace of their companies. Unions have actually lost influence. Companies are relying on short-term and part-time employees while deploying robotics and other kinds of automation in manner ins which enable them to produce more without paying extra to humans. Globalization has actually magnified competitive pressures, connecting factories in Asia and Latin America to clients in Europe and The United States and Canada.

“Generally, people have hardly any leverage to get a bargain from their managers, separately and collectively,” stated Lawrence Mishel, president of the Economic Policy Institute, a labor-oriented research study group in Washington. “Individuals who have a good job are happy just to hang on to exactly what they have.”

The factors for the stagnation gripping earnings differ from nation to country, but the pattern is broad.

In the United States, the out of work rate was up to 4.2 percent in September, less than half the 10 percent seen at the worst of the Great Recession. Still, for the average U.S. employee, earnings had actually increased by 2.9 percent over the previous year. That was an enhancement compared to recent months, however a years ago, when the joblessness rate was higher, incomes were growing at a rate of much better than 4 percent a year.

In Britain, the joblessness rate ticked down to 4.3 percent in August, its least expensive level considering that 1975. Yet wages had actually grown just 2.1 percent in the past year. That was below the rate of inflation, indicating employees’ costs were increasing faster than their pay.

In Japan, weak wage growth is both a symptom of an economy dogged by concerns, and a force that might keep the future lean, denying employees of spending power.

In Norway, as in Germany, modest pay raises are a result of coordination in between unions and employers to keep costs low to strengthen market. That has actually put pressure on Italy, Spain and other European countries to keep salaries low so as not to lose orders.

Union Power Eroded

In November 2016, a week after Donald Trump was elected president on a promise to bring jobs back to the United States, individuals of Elyria, Ohio– a city of 54,000 people about 30 miles west of Cleveland– learned that another regional factory was about to close.

The plant, run by 3M, made raw materials for sponges. Conditions there were affected by a progressively rare feature of American life: a union that represented the workers.

The union claimed the closing was a result of production being moved to Mexico. Management stated it was simply cutting output as it faced a glut coming from Europe. Either way, 150 people would lose their jobs, Larry Noel among them.

Noel, 46, had begun operating at the plant 7 years previously as a basic worker, earning $18 an hour. He had worked his method as much as batch maker, mixing the chemicals that hardened into sponge product, a task that paid $25.47 an hour.

Now, he would have to begin over. The joblessness rate in the Cleveland location was then down to 5.6 percent. Yet most of the jobs that would match Noel paid less than $13 dollars an hour.

“These companies understand,” he said. “They know you require a task, and you’ve got to take it.”

In the end, he found a task that paid only somewhat less than his previous position. His brand-new factory was a nonunion store.

“A lot of us wish it were union,” he stated, “since we ‘d have better earnings.”

Last year, just 10.7 percent of U.S. workers were represented by a union, below 20.1 percent in 1983, according to Labor Department information. Many economic experts see the decline as an essential to why companies can pay lower incomes.

In 1972, so-called production and nonsupervisory workers– some 80 percent of the U.S. workforce– earned average incomes comparable to $738.86 a week in today’s dollars, after changing for inflation, inning accordance with a Financial Policy Institute analysis of federal data. Last year, the typical worker brought house $723.67 a week.

Simply put, 44 years had passed with the normal U.S. worker absorbing an approximately 2 percent pay cut.

The streets of Elyria vouched for the effects of this long decrease in earning power.

“There’s some bondsman, some insurance provider and me,” said Don Panik, who opened his gold and silver trading shop in 1982 after he was laid off as an autoworker at a regional General Motors plant.

Down the block, a man with a towel slung over bare shoulders panhandled in front of a strip club, underneath a sign that said “Dancers Wanted.” A tattoo parlor was open for service, near a boarded-up law office.

One store was full of activity– Adecco, the staffing company. An indication beckoned job applicants: “General Laborers. No Experience Required. $10/hour.”

Lyndsey Martin had actually reached the point where the proposition had appeal.

Until 3 years ago, Martin worked at Janesville Acoustics, a factory in between Cleveland and Toledo. The plant made insulation and carpets for automobiles. She put items into boxes, making $14 an hour.

That, integrated with the salaries her spouse, Casey, made at the plant, sufficed to permit them to lease a home in the town of Wakeman, where their front patio looked out on a leafy street.

Then, in summer 2013, word spread that the plant was shutting down, putting 300 individuals out of work.

Martin took 18 months off to look after her kids. In early 2015, she began to look for work, searching the web for factory jobs. A lot of required associate degrees. The huge bulk were short-term.

She took a task at a gasoline station, calling purchases of fuel, soda and fried chicken for $9 an hour, less than two-thirds of exactly what she had previously made.

“It nearly feels degrading,” she stated.

Her hours fluctuated. Some weeks she worked 35; most weeks, 24.

A rival to Martin’s previous company has established a factory straight opposite the plant where she used to work. The business employed 150 individuals, however not her. She said she had heard the jobs paid $3 to $4 less per hour than she utilized to make.

Martin recently took a brand-new job at a beer and wine warehouse. It also paid $9 an hour, however with the capacity for a $1 raise in 90 days. In a life of devalued expectations, that registered as development.

Fear Factor

Traditional economics would recommend that this is an exceptional time for Kuniko Sonoyama to command a significant pay boost.

For the past Ten Years, she has actually operated in Tokyo, checking tvs, electronic cameras and other gear for significant electronic devices companies.

After years of decrease and stagnation, the Japanese economy has broadened for 6 straight quarters. Corporate earnings are at record highs. And Japan’s population is declining, a result of migration limitations and low birthrates. Joblessness is simply 2.8 percent, the most affordable level in 22 years.

Yet, Sonoyama, like growing numbers of Japanese employees, is used through a short-term staffing agency. She has received only one raise, two years ago, when she took on a hard assignment.

“I’m constantly questioning if it’s OK that I never ever make more cash,” Sonoyama, 36, stated. “I’m distressed about the future.”

That concern runs the risk of becoming self-fulfilling, for Japan. Typical earnings in the country increased by only 0.7 percent in 2015, after adjusting for the costs of living.

The government has actually pushed business to pay higher incomes, cognizant that excessive economic stress and anxiety equates into a deficit of consumer costs, restricting incomes for all.

But companies have actually primarily sat on their increased revenues instead of share them with workers. Numerous hesitate to take on additional costs out of a worry that the great times will not last.

It is a fear born of experience. Since Japan’s realty investment bubble burst in the early 1990s, the country has actually faced a pernicious residue of that period: so-called deflation, or falling rates.

Decreasing rates have actually limited services’ reward to broaden and work with. And companies significantly turn to employment service that usually pay two-thirds of comparable full-time work.

Practically half of Japanese employees below 25 are in part-time or short-lived positions, up from 20 percent in 1990. And women, who usually make 30 percent less than guys, have filled a disproportionate number of tasks.

Years of business cost-cutting have deteriorated Japan’s unions, which tend to focus on job security over pay.

The recent uptick in salaries, although modest, has actually raised hopes of increased spending that would embolden organisations to raise pay and to update temporary workers to full-time workers.

Till that occurs, employees will probably remain hunched down, hesitant to spend.

“I have enough to survive on now,” Sonoyama said, “however I fret about old age.”

Global Dangers

Nobody is supposed to worry in Norway.

The Nordic model has been thoroughly engineered to supply universal living requirements that are abundant by global standards.

Workers enjoy 5 weeks of paid getaway a year. Everyone receives health care under a government-furnished program. Universities are totally free. When infants arrive, moms and dads divvy up a year of shared maternity and paternity leave.

All this is affirmed by a deep social agreement and underwritten by stupendous oil wealth.

Yet even in Norway, international forces are exposing growing numbers of workers to brand-new kinds of competitors that limit pay. Immigrants from Eastern Europe are taking tasks. Temporary positions are increasing.

In theory, Norwegian employees are insulated from such forces. Under Norway’s sophisticated system of wage settlement, unions, which represent over half of the country’s workforce, work out with companies’ associations to hash out a general tariff to cover pay throughout industries. As business end up being more productive and profitable, employees record a proportionate share of the spoils.

Employers are expected to pay momentary workers at the very same scale as their irreversible workers. In truth, recently established business have caught pieces of the building and construction industry, utilizing Eastern Europeans at dramatically lower wages. Some companies pay temporary employees standard incomes however then have them work overtime without additional settlement. Unions complain that enforcement is irregular.

“Both the Norwegian employer and the Polish worker would rather have low paid tasks,” said Jan-Erik Stostad, basic secretary of Samak, an association of national unions and social democratic political celebrations. “They have a common interest in aiming to circumvent the guidelines.”

Union leaders, conscious that companies should cut expenses or risk losing work, have actually hesitantly validated companies’ employing growing varieties of short-term workers who can be dismissed with little expense or hassle.

“Shop stewards are difficult pushed in the competition, and they state, ‘If we do not use them then the other business will win the agreements,” stated Peter Vellesen, head of Oslo Bygningsarbeiderforening, a union that represents bricklayers, construction employees and painters. “If the company loses the competition, he will lose his work.”

Last year, companies from Spain and Italy won a number of the agreements to construct tunnels south of Oslo, generating lower-wage employees from those countries.

Vellesen’s union has actually been organizing immigrants, and Eastern Europeans comprise a third of its roughly 1,700 members. However the patterns can be seen in incomes. From 2003 to 2012, Norwegian construction employees saw smaller wage boosts than the national average in every year except two, inning accordance with an analysis of government data by Roger Bjornstad, primary economic expert at the Norwegian Federation of Trade Unions.

When Karlsson, the painter, pertained to Norway from his native Sweden in the mid-1990s, essentially everybody in the trade was a full-time employee. Recently, while painting the offices of a government ministry, he came across Albanian workers. He was making about 180 kroner per hour, or about $23, under his union scale. The Albanians told him they were being paid barely a third of that.

“In charge might call them, and 20 guys would be standing outdoors ready to work,” Karlsson stated. “They work extra hours without overtime. They work weekends. They have no getaways. It’s tough for a business that’s running a genuine business to compete.”

He emphasized that he preferred open borders. “I have no problem with Eastern Europeans coming,” he said. “But they need to have the same rights as the rest of us, so everyone can compete on equal terms.”

Even in specialized, higher-paying markets, Norwegian wage increases have actually slowed, as unions and employers work together toward improving the fortunes of their companies.

That is a noticable contrast from previous years, when Norway tallied up the profits from oil exports while handing out wage raises that reached 6 percent a year.

As the global financial crisis unfolded in 2008, sending a potent shock through Europe, Norway’s high salaries left businesses in the country dealing with a competitive downside. That was particularly true as mass unemployment tore across Italy, Portugal and Spain, dismaying wages throughout the continent. And particularly as German labor unions assented to low pay to maintain the nation’s export supremacy.

Starting in mid-2014, a precipitous descent in global oil costs wrecked Norway’s energy industry and the country’s more comprehensive manufacturing trades. That year, Norwegian salaries increased by only 1 percent after accounting for inflation, and by just a half percent the next year. In 2016, salaries declined in real terms by more than 1 percent.

Reality show'' s ghost-hunting couple dead in Nevada standoff

Mark Constantino, left, and Debby Constantino, right, seen in undated photo. (Source: Debby Mark Constantino's Facebook)Mark Constantino, left, and Debby Constantino, right, seen in undated photo. (Source: Debby Mark Constantino’s Facebook).
SPARKS, NV (AP) -.

Nevada police found the bodies of a couple who appeared as ghost hunters in the reality tv show “Ghost Adventure” after storming a barricaded apartment.

Mark Constantino and his separated other half Debby Constantino were discovered dead Tuesday in the town of Sparks. Authorities weren’t launching a cause of death.

The couple was featured over the last few years on the Travel Channel’s series, consisting of episodes shot at the Mustang Cattle ranch brothel east of Reno, the Goldfield Hotel and the Market Street Movie theater in San Francisco.

A SWAT team reacting to a captive scenario discovered their bodies when officers stormed their adult child’s house near Stimulates High School following an hours-long standoff on Tuesday.

Police stated Mark Constantino contended officers who approached the door, but they did not return fire.

Earlier Tuesday, police in neighboring Reno discovered the body of a guy in a house where Debby Constantino was living.

Copyright 2015 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

Elon Musk’s prediction on Nevada lithium becomes a reality

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Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk, left, and Gov. Brian Sandoval shake hands following an interview in which Nevada was announced as the new site for a $5 billion automobile battery gigafactory, at the Capitol in Carson City on Thursday, Sept. 4, 2014.

Thursday, Sept. 17, 2015|2 a.m.

. Earlier this month, Tesla CEO Elon Musk said that the company was pursuing Nevada sources of lithium for usage in its Reno battery factory. It didn’t take long for Musk’s claim to prove true, as a Nevada lithium operation announced Wednesday that it will certainly be supplying the electric vehicle company with an aspect important in the production of its batteries.

That statement rated news for critics who fretted that the state would be left after Tesla had actually signed a handle August to get lithium from northern Mexico. The company got more than $1 billion in state tax rewards to construct its factory in Nevada.

State Sen. Tick Segerblom tweeted: “Musk is a male of his word!”

Under the arrangement completed on Tuesday, Tesla will certainly purchase lithium hydroxide from Pure Energy Minerals, a business that is establishing a lithium salt water task a three-and-a-half hour drive from the Gigafactory. The offer is contingent on Pure Energy Minerals, based in Vancouver, British Columbia, bringing the project to completion. If it were to do so, Tesla has actually consented to purchase lithium at below-market expenses for 5 years.

“Pure Energy is aligned with both Tesla’s and the state of Nevada’s development objectives, and we intend to favorably contribute to Nevada’s thriving clean energy-based economy,” said Pure Energy Minerals CEO Robert Mintak. A Tesla representative decreased to comment.

Pure Energy Minerals’ lithium operation in Clayton Valley remains in the early stages. It’s located in the very same basin as Silver Peak, the only operating lithium mine in the United States. The company estimates lithium deposits there total 816,000 metric heaps. The deal does not preclude Tesla from pursuing sources in addition to the 2 deals it has revealed. The Gigafactory is anticipated to require 15,000 tons of lithium each year when completely functional, which is anticipated to happen by 2020.

Edward Anderson, the CEO of TRU Group, a company that gets in touch with on lithium projects, stated he was amazed that Tesla signed the arrangement. He stated lithium resources from salt water were restricted and the opportunity of a successful operation in Clayton Valley slim.

“(The potential customers) definitely do not excite,” Anderson said, adding that Nevada’s lithium economy had actually been overhyped: “There is a terrific danger that financiers, including perhaps Tesla, are moving too quickly without correct knowledge of exactly what they’re getting.”

Oculus debuts virtual reality movie ‘Henry’.

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Oculus/ AP

This picture shows a scene from the short animation film “Henry.” Oculus’ 2nd virtual truth movie premiered Tuesday, July 28, 2015, in Beverly Hills, Calif.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015|9:16 p.m.

BEVERLY HILLS, Calif.– Oculus is hedging its bets that a lovable animal named Henry can assist convince customers– and Hollywood– about the practicality of virtual truth as a storytelling medium.

The VR company, which Facebook got for nearly $2 billion in 2014, debuted a 10-minute narrative experience starring the lonely hedgehog Henry during an invite-only occasion Tuesday at a personal mansion in Beverly Hills.

Inside, visitors wore customer versions of the Oculus Rift headset and were provided a 360-degree glance into Henry’s cartoony house as his birthday wish amazingly came to life.

“Henry” is the second film from Oculus Story Studio, an internal production business that Oculus developed in 2013 after Facebook purchased the VR business. “Lost,” the studio’s very first short movie, debuted at the Sundance Film Festival earlier this year.

“The goal with ‘Henry’ and these short movies isn’t to be an introduction to virtual fact,” said Oculus founder Palmer Luckey. “We’re trying to construct things with Oculus Story Studio that other individuals can gain from and build much better material from as a result.”

Luckey added that Oculus isn’t really attempting to produce a studio to rival Hollywood’s existing gamers. Instead, with “Henry” and Oculus’ other work, the business is seeking to show VR’s ability and motivate studios and production companies to develop content beyond advertising efforts connected to other films and entertainment franchises.

“In an ideal word, we’ll have all the significant studios making tons of VR material since they’re making tons of cash off of it,” stated Luckey. “That would be better for us than needing to hold up the entire VR industry with our own content. Nintendo handled to do that with their video games, but it’s really rough. It’ll be much healthier to have a varied ecosystem.”

“Henry” is a totally passive experience that doesn’t need viewers to use a controller, other than tilting their head to see the action inside Henry’s tree-trunk abode. Nevertheless, “Henry” director Ramiro Lopes Dau, a previous animator at Pixar, included the ability for the spikey character to look directly at the user throughout the experience.

“I think there’s space for all difference type of experiences, where they can be more or less interactive,” stated Lopes Dau. “In the case of ‘Henry,’ it’s more about the character. We use those moments when he’s happy or sad to take a look at you no matter where you’re standing.”

The encounter of interactivity in a piece of content described as a brief movie asks the concern: Is “Henry” really a film? Or is it a game? Or something else entirely?

“I do not think anyone actually understands,” stated Lopes Dau. “Personally, I don’t care what it’s called. I just want to make something that offers you a feeling, informs you a story and is magical to you. I do not care if it’s called a game, a film or something else.”

Oculus plans to bundle “Henry” and other movies and video games for complimentary with Oculus Rift. The company has not stated how much the system, which will require a high-end PC to run, will certainly cost when it introduces early next year.

The previous start-up, which sparked the most recent VR fixation three years back, now has numerous rivals likewise diving headfirst into the industry, including Valve and HTC’s Vive headset and Sony’s Project Morpheus, which works in tandem with the PlayStation 4 console.

The Reality of Women’s Prisons

Inspect your possessions with the guard. Turn over your wallet, your keys, mobile phone, anything and everything. Walk through the metal detector. If you have actually sounded off an alarm, wait for the pat down.

Strolling through a ladies’s jail was as soon as nerve-wracking for Emily Salisbury, but now the criminologist is used to the drill. She’s been studying women’s prisons systems for more than a years. The guards permit her to keep a notebook and a pen; she’s there to learn through females inmates.

“I hear comparable narratives from women throughout the nation,” said Salisbury, a criminal justice teacher in the UNLV Greenspun College of Urban Affairs.

The ladies discuss the factors they wound up in jail, their drug abuse issues, and growing up unloved and damaged as youngsters. They inform Salisbury of their tendency to recreate households with fellow inmates to replace the relationships they have actually lost. The ladies wish for new lives outside the boundaries of barbed wire fences however those with kids fear parenting when they return.

Salisbury recently provided a TedX talkon these topics at the Washington Corrections Center for Women, where the audience consisted of correctional officers, jail administrators, attorneys, judges and prisoners. As one of a handful of specialists studying gender-responsive strategies to lower recidivism in the country, Salisbury has sought advice from for a number of prison systems throughout the united state. The Washington State Department of Corrections and Oregon State Department of Corrections both will certainly be making use of an evaluation device that she helped develop specifically for females to anticipate the possibilities of future criminal behavior.

She joined UNLV last year and has actually begun working closely with the Nevada Department of Corrections and Florence McClure Women’s Correctional Center. She’s developing volunteer opportunities and internships with the jail so UNLV students can begin to see the truths and benefits of dealing with this population.

Ladies make up seven percent of the 2.4 million total prisoner population within the state and federal prison system — that’s nearly 170,000 ladies inmates. The rate of female imprisonment is increasing because more females are being convicted for nonviolent crimes, such as drug use. Compulsory minimums and “get hard” criminal activity legislation have put them in jail systems orginally designed for men.

Paths to Prison Differ From Men

Women’s pathways to prison differ from men’s and as such, treatment and intervention approaches must be tailored to each gender, Salisbury said. Financial tension and dependency are frequently behind females’s criminal activities. While females are capable of violence, it takes more provocation and instigation than guys to become violent, and it’s often encouraged by intimate partner abuse, victimization, and acts of self-defense, Salisbury said.

“Ladies do not dedicate crime for the thrill of it,” Salisbury said. However, she says ladies offenders need to discover suitable life skills to lead more positive, prosocial lives, including how to have healthy intimate relationships, conquer dependency, and think that they can prosper.

Salisbury said women in the jail system commonly struggle with a history of element abuse, mental health problems, and unhealthy relationships. The convergence of all three make it much more important for rehabilitation programs targeted particularly to females be provided in jails.

“We can no longer have discussions about public security without discussing rehabilitation and treatment,” Salisbury said.

Women can be just as harmful as men, so it’s reasonable correctional staff are trained to think “an inmate is an inmate is an inmate,” Salisbury stated. “This sort of custody technique makes good sense– if we treat every inmate the very same method, we will not be caught off guard.”

However this technique doesn’t cause the most efficient policies and procedures, she stated.

“We need to end the concept that equality suggests having the exact same precise policies and procedures for women as we do for guys. It suggests understanding various sociological, psychological, and cultural differences that exist across gender. It means understanding that not all females’s experiences are the very same. A black lady’s experience is not the like a white female’s experience or a Latina’s experience or a Native American woman’s experience or perhaps a transgendered woman’s experience.

“As soon as we start to recognize the differences are not weak points however strengths the much safer we will all be,” Salisbury said.

Salisbury recommends justice systems not to forget the mothers amongst their jail population.

“When we send a guy to jail for criminal activities, the mom takes care of children who are left. When we send a lady, the regrettable fact is that it’s not the dad who is caring for the kids. Her kids will certainly end up in the foster care system or with household if they are lucky.

“We can teach women ways to appropriately look after their children when they come back to them and ways to sufficiently deal with parental stress that everyone experiences.”

What Correctional Facilities Had to Understand

According to Salisbury, 77 to 90 percent of incarcerated women report histories of emotional, physical, or sexual assault. This is especially true for females of color and transgender women.

“There are things we can do to assist produce trauma-informed care even inside prisons,” Salisbury said. “It implies eliminating cross-gender pat downs and strip searches, training correctional staff on how their physical presence and tone of their voice affects people in a different way who have experienced and suffered injury.”

Salisbury has actually heard from correctional officers and staff who state females in jail may come across as needy and are hard to supervise. Right here’s why: women are restoring relationships in the jail system.

“Women have to connect with more individuals. Men don’t care as much about other individuals liking them like as ladies do. It is not a weak point however strength. We have to begin training females to have healthy relationships,” she stated.

The Nevada Correctional System

“Nevada is making some major strides to implement most practices for female population,” she said. “With the Nevada Department of Corrections, we have gotten 2 different grants, among which is to comprehend the female population more effectively around co-occurring conditions like mental health and substance abuse issues that we see affect more women.”

With executive management at Florence McClure Women’s Correctional Center in Nevada, Salisbury is planning to deliver gender responsive training and go over ways to improve policies at Florence McClure.

“I’m not here to upend system. I am here to assess where Nevada is at and where I can assist,” Salisbury stated.

TELEVISION Fulfills Truth.

The experiences of women in jail acquired interest after Netflix introduced the show “Orange is the New Black.” The program is adapted from the autobiographical book by Piper Kerman, a woman from a privileged background in her 30s, who was sentenced to 15 months in prison for a crime she dedicated on behalf of her drug-dealing girlfriend.

Salisbury applauds the program for bringing to the light problems that do take place in the females’s prison system, including intimate partner abuse, self-segregation by race, and homosexuality. She cautions that while the program depicts correctional officers abusing their power, “most correctional officers get the job done with professionalism and dignity,” she said. However “it is a struggle to employ individuals who are proper for the career and who won’t abuse their power.”

Salisbury wishes to see the show portray treatment programs inside organizations. There’s very little discussion on spiritual services, and not a lot on females handling the issues that will certainly get them back in the system.

While the book and TELEVISION show are beginning discussions about the justice system and inequality, Salisbury does not appoint “Orange is the New Black” as needed reading to her students. “It’s a terrific book, but it doesn’t depict the common female inmate– most justice-involved ladies originate from bad, disadvantaged backgrounds, whereas Piper comes from a location of advantage. However I’m delighted that Piper is utilizing her advantage to provide these women a voice.”

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