Tag Archives: research

Medical Research Through Cross-Campus Partnership

If the inaugural meeting of the Clinical Research Working Group is any sign, some of the brightest minds on campus are prepared to begin leveraging their intellectual capital and energy to discover services to complicated health-related problems and currently incurable diseases.

The event brought faculty and homeowners from the scientific departments at the School of Medicine together with researchers from UNLV’s programs in Allied Health, Dental Medication, Sciences, Engineering, and Liberal Arts. Also joining were representatives from the UNLV National Supercomputing Institute, Cleveland Center Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, and University Medical Center.

The group’s goal: to increase transdisciplinary research throughout UNLV. Here, some of the secret participants share why it was an essential occasion for the future of UNLV research study programs.


UNLV, Desert Research Institute Partner to Help Nevada Researchers Commercialize Discovery

In an ongoing effort to link Nevada’s cutting-edge research and innovations with industry, the Desert Research Institute (DRI) has hired the help of its veteran neighbor and partner at UNLV.

A brand-new partnership in between DRI and UNLV’s Workplace of Technology Transfer is enabling faculty and students to utilize each other’s skill and resources to foster new research cooperations and change technologies and innovations into new services and products.

The very first successful item of the new collaboration is a commercial licensing contract for Cumulus Weather condition Solutions LLC, a DRI-born startup business that develops weather decision support group for the wind and solar energy markets. Craig Smith, Ph.D, a DRI assistant research professor who established the intellectual property behind the company, has more than 15 years of experience in mathematical weather forecast and establishing weather data solutions for the next energy economy.

“We are really delighted to boost out collaboration with UNLV,” said DRI President Kristen Averyt. “Realizing the contribution of research study to the brand-new Nevada economy is satisfying a key DRI top priority. Partnerships like this will assist our scientists browse the commercialization pathway to make a genuine distinction for standard and emerging industries in Nevada, and beyond.”

The partnership likewise aligns DRI and UNLV in their efforts to support Nevada’s brand-new economy and assistance strengthen economic development and diversification throughout Southern Nevada.

“UNLV has actually made major strides in its economic development activities in recent years, and signing up with forces with DRI was a natural next fantastic step,” said Zach Miles, UNLV’s associate vice president for economic advancement. “This collaboration develops a new combined front that supports the commercialization of both organizations’ innovations and draws in additional industry-sponsored research study, student opportunities, and inter-institutional collaborations.”

UNLV technology transfer and financial advancement personnel help with the university’s process to bring discoveries and inventions to the market. The workplace becomes part of the UNLV Department of Research and Economic Advancement.

DRI is an acknowledged world leader in examining the effects of natural and human-induced ecological modification and advancing innovations targeted at examining a changing planet. With campuses in Reno and Las Vegas, DRI serves as the non-profit ecological research arm of the Nevada System of Higher Education.

From Fruit Flies to Robots: Research Sheds Light on our Future

Someday instead of trotting to the hotel front desk to pick up a replacement toothbrush or razor, you may discover the forgotten item delivered to your door by a hospitality robotic.

Robots are the wave of the future in the hospitality industry, inning accordance with UNLV college student Beth Wi, whose current research focuses on ways to get the general public to expect and accept such robots.

Wi is among numerous presenters who will speak about their research study at the fifth annual Motivation, Innovation, Impact reception, an event hosted by the Graduate College and the Graduate & & Expert Trainee Association. Showcasing impressive student research study, scholarship, and creative activity, the reception will occur 4 to 6 p.m. Feb. 2 in the Student Union ballroom. The occasion is open to the general public.

Wi, a student in UNLV’s dual master’s program in service and hotel administration, said she is anticipating sharing her findings, keeping in mind “My research study is worthless unless I share it with the public.”

Here’s a sneak peek of the presentations that Wi and 2 others will make at the occasion.

Beth Wi,.

Double MBA/MS in Hotel Administrationstudent

Wi’s interest in researching robotics in the hospitality market was sparked when she heard in professor Mehmet Erdem’s class that 65 percent of hospitality jobs soon might be changed by robotics.

” In the beginning, I wished to safeguard that robots will never have the ability to replace individuals, however it’s occurring,” Wi stated. “Now my thesis will be about how we can incorporate robotics in the hospitality industry so they’re not consulted with a lot of resistance.”

Wi stated that the effective application of robotics in the industry depends on interacting to consumers the benefits the robots will bring.

” Picture a housekeeping robotic. Possibly you just require a toothbrush at 7 a.m. and you’re in pajamas with no makeup on. You do not wish to see anyone. A robotic would be helpful then.

” When you take an Uber, quickly they might have facial recognition so they know exactly what kind of advertisements to show you based on your age or gender. But isn’t really that a little creepy?” Wi stated. “My research study will recommend the best ways to carry out things like this so they’re successful.

Originally from Korea, Wi earned her bachelor’s degree in hospitality from UNLV in 2006 prior to moving to Hong Kong. She recently went back to Las Vegas to work on her master’s degree. She has actually worked as a flight attendant abroad as well as has actually held hotel tasks in Las Vegas. Now she’s looking into how cultural distinctions may impact the approval of robotics in the hospitality industry.

” In Asia, there is no tipping. So, the relationship in between employees and customers is various in Asia than it is in the USA,” she explained. “In the United States, having robots will break the service cycle. My research study will suggest how to implement them effectively.”

Jeremy Houska, ’10 PhD Psychology.

Director for Institutional Research Study and Assessment, Centenary University

When Jeremy Houska finished with a Ph.D. in experimental psychology, he had his sights set on becoming a professor. He soon accepted his very first tenure-track teaching position at Concordia University-Chicago, and consequently signed up with the professors at Centenary University in New Jersey, where he made promo and period. Today, he’s the director for institutional research and evaluation at Centenary.

” I now take pleasure in serving the institution as an administrator. I like the intellectual challenge of running an organization,” he stated. “I want to come back and show the students (at Motivation, Development, Effect) that ‘Today you have an interest in research study and mentor, however constantly bear in mind the abilities you’re obtaining. Working proficiently with other individuals, communicating your message in varied contexts, tenacity … those are necessary skills.'”

” My presentation will feature three ideas for today’s graduate and expert students,” said Houska, who worked as UNLV’s Graduate & & Specialist Trainee Association president in 2007-08. “It will be nice to come back and see exactly what college student leaders are doing and thinking about in higher ed.”

Alexis Billings, Postdoctoral Scholar, Biology.

To many people, fruit flies are an annoyance. To Alexis Billings, they might hold responses about how brand-new types form.

” Hawaiian fruit flies have actually cool habits and communication. Within their habits, there are tons of signals, but we have no idea a lot about the reception of these signals,” stated Billings. “I’m interested in finding out how these signals might be a manner in which new species can form.”

Billings, a postdoctoral scholar in UNLV’s School of Life Sciences, earned her Ph.D. in Organismal Biology and Ecology from the University of Montana in 2016. Her thesis was on the ecology and development of bird alarm call signaling systems.” One of the essential concerns in evolutionary biology is ‘Where do species come from?’ There are lots of new types, and evolution is continuing with no instructions– there’s no end point,” she stated. “Understanding how species happened … assists us determine where we’re going.”

Billings said she is looking forward to sharing her research and hearing about others’ research at the Motivation, Innovation, Effect occasion.

” I’m actually excited to see the other presentations. I just began my postdoc in September, so I’m delighted to learn about other research taking place at UNLV.”

UNLV Research Study: Placenta Intake Provides Couple Of Advantages for New Moms

A groundbreaking study by UNLV researchers shows that taking placenta capsules has little to no result on postpartum mood, maternal bonding, or tiredness, when compared with a placebo.

Taking in the placenta (in pill form) following childbirth is an increasingly popular pattern in industrial countries, such as the UK, France, Germany, Australia, and the United States. Although accurate estimates are not yet available, the majority of professionals concur there are numerous thousands of ladies in the United States alone who practice maternal placentophagy. And while the practice seems more common in house birth settings, it has been infecting hospital births.

Advocates of the practice state that due to the fact that maternal placentophagy prevails in mammals throughout nature, it probably uses some benefits to human moms too.

The existing study, that included 12 women who took placenta capsules and 15 who took placebo pills in the weeks after delivering, was led by scientists from UNLV’s Department of Anthropology and School of Medicine. The research study team checked the efficacy of placenta pills in promoting numerous health benefits, consisting of stemming the beginning of postpartum ‘baby blues’ and anxiety of brand-new moms. The results of the brand-new research study find that such claims are not clearly supported.

The research group’s work did program, however, that ingesting placenta capsules produced little but detectable changes in hormonal agent concentrations that show up in a mom’s circulating hormone levels.

The research study was published online Nov. 23 in the journal Women and Birth. In 2015, the group released a research study showing that taking in encapsulated placentas was not as good of a source of iron as proponents had recommended.

Prof. Daniel Benyshek, senior author of the research study, suggested that both supporters and doubters alike may indicate these new results.

“Placentophagy advocates may indicate the fact that we did see evidence that many of the hormones identified in the placenta capsules were modestly raised in the placenta group mothers,” Benyshek said.

“Similarly for skeptics, our results may be viewed as evidence that placentophagy doesn’t ‘truly work’ since we did not discover the type of clear, robust distinctions in maternal hormone levels or postpartum mood in between the placenta group and placebo group that these types of studies are designed to find,” he said.

So, while the research study supplies no clear proof of placentophagy benefits compared with a placebo– which is the scientific standard– it does reveal that the practice is capable of affecting maternal hormone levels and that might supply some kind of restorative result. To what extent, however, is uncertain. More research is required in order to explore these impacts more completely.

“While the study does not supply firm assistance for or against the claims about the advantages of placentophagy, it does clarify this much disputed subject by offering the first results from a medical trial specifically checking the effect of placenta supplements on postpartum hormonal agents, state of mind, and energy,” said Dr. Sharon Young, lead author of the research study and program manager for UNLV’s Office of Undergraduate Research. “What we have revealed are intriguing areas for future exploration, such as small effect on hormone levels for women taking placenta pills, and small enhancements in mood and fatigue in the placenta group.”

Research study authors consist of Sharon M. Young, Program Supervisor for the UNLV workplace of Undergraduate Research, Laura K. Gryder, Program Director at the UNLV School of Medication, Chad L. Cross, Associate Research Study Professor at the UNLV School of Medicine and School of Neighborhood Health Sciences, David Zava and David Kimball at ZRT Lab in Beaverton, Oregon, and Daniel C. Benyshek, Teacher of Sociology at UNLV, and Adjunct Teacher at the UNLV School of Medication.

A New Recipe for the Class Blends Mentor and Research

When UNLV teacher of sociology Levent Atici was preparing course products for a new term a couple of years back, he took the opportunity to shake things up a bit. Rather of following a more standard course structure that counts on lectures and examinations, Atici introduced trainees to his passion.

” My work on human-environment interactions influenced me to engage trainees in research study on concerns affecting our community,” Atici said.

But how could this type of research incorporate into a class setting? What would “teasearch”– a combination of teaching and research study in the classroom environment– look like?

With the assistance of UNLV’s Office of Undergrad Research Study( OUR), Atici revamped his syllabus, charging students with picking their own novel research study topics, performing research study individually or in small groups, and publicly providing their results to top off the semester. OUR also provided Atici with course-design resources; personnel to guest-present to his classes; and workshops for students on subjects such as writing and public speaking.

The course was transformative.

” All my students enjoyed it, and lots of exceeded and beyond my expectations,” Atici said. “Even those who were hesitant initially acquired confidence throughout the semester and quickly took great pride in their work. Now I don’t want to teach any other way.”

Broadening Teasearch Efforts

OUR began integrating teaching and research study at UNLV in 2015, quickly after the office opened. The history department and OUR had co-sponsored a fall guest speaker that year, John Wertheimer of Davidson College. Wertheimer discussed teasearching and how he was releasing articles with trainees from the courses he ‘d integrated research into at his university. The talk influenced OUR to implement a similar approach at UNLV.

” Teaching and research study are not mutually unique,” stated Liam Frink, executive director of the Workplace of Undergrad Research, “and you can have a top-level immersion in research study while in a class, which engages undergraduates in a special way.”

Provided the swift expansion of research-based courses around the U.S., according to a recent report from The National Academies Press entitled ” Undergrad Research Study Experiences for STEM Trainees: Successes, Difficulties, and Opportunities,” Frink thinks class undergraduate research study experiences (CUREs) are necessary for non-STEM faculty to consider. By incorporating research study into the classroom experience for their students in a novel and significant format, professors can provide research study strategies and chances that might not be as available to their students otherwise.

UNLV history professor Miriam Melton-Villanueva represents an ideal case in point. For her, teasearch was the answer to her dilemma of demonstrating the useful elements of historic research study and appealing trainees better with the knowing material.

” Historical research is more archival-focused– learning about main sources and believing critically about where info and sources come from,” Melton-Villanueva stated. Integrating primary-source research study into her staple of class activities helped her trainees discover the history in addition to how to question details provided to them, she said.

Melton-Villanueva had connected to OUR to help get her begun in her teasearching mission. After providing resources from his office, Frink connected her with Atici to find out firsthand the useful strategies that helped Atici get his trainees engaged with research study in the classroom. Atici shared his curriculum and techniques for scaffolding research study into phases, mentoring Melton-Villanueva to surpass integrated course models and broaden the number of history trainees competing in juried research competitors.

In their classes, varying from freshman- to upper-level, trainees find out the best ways to successfully develop and carry out a research task through a mix of group work, associated lectures, and OUR’s skill-building workshops. The design gets rid of grades based predominantly on memorization-centered quizzes and exams. Rather, trainees make their grades piece by piece through the completion of each part of the research project, from sending an abstract to providing at an OUR Undergrad Research Online forum as part of the last grade.

” We treat the students as scholars in this setting,” Melton-Villanueva said. “Through the research they’re conducting in our classrooms, they’re finding out how to believe separately and create knowledge just like traditional scholars.”

Benefits Beyond the Class

As is also the case for conventional scholars, teasearching trainees’ projects and outcomes have real-world applications. A lot of these jobs at UNLV are straight appropriate to the Las Vegas community, addressing issues such as water conservation, food waste and availability, and cultural history appropriate to the existing sociopolitical climate. Organizations like the City of Las Vegas have actually discovered some teasearching trainees’ findings on homelessness in the area and called Atici to get in touch with his trainees and find out more. Student data has actually also been utilized to help UNLV accomplish its current campus sustainability scores.

And although their grades were based on research tasks, these students have actually learned much more than the subjects they decided to study. Conducting and providing research needed them to acquire writing skills, end up being versed in the ethics and approaches of information collection, and find out the best ways to believe critically about the information they gathered. The trainees likewise received training in providing and public speaking and gained experience in working collaboratively– specifically valuable once they enter the expert realm.

“Completing this (type of) course has made me a more vital thinker and more well-informed about the best ways to perform research study that can affect real modification in my community,” stated UNLV alumna Patricia Richards, who took part in among Atici’s classes. “Getting suitable real-world experience and making connections can be ‘the edge’ that students require when it pertains to getting employed or beginning a career.”

“I motivate other professors to consider this mentor method,” said UNLV senior Nitzan Barlev, another previous student of Atici’s. “Integrating research study into classroom learning supplies a deeper understanding of the product and a more extensive academic experience.”

However trainees aren’t the only ones reaping the benefits of the teasearching model. Atici said that integrating research with his mentor has supplied growth chances for him as well. The experience inspired him to look for a number of grants he got, chair an international research study symposium, establish a Ph.D. seminar, and author a book (currently under review).

“Before, my research study informed my teaching,” Atici stated. “And now my teaching is informing my research.”

Provided all the advantages of teasearching, those who’ve leveraged and/or supported the design are working to assist spread it throughout campus. OUR, for example, will be hosting a workshop for interested professor in the spring on how to incorporate research study into their own courses. The office is also dealing with a starter set with products that can provide extra assistance to faculty as they start the procedure.

“We are aiming to create a peer-to-peer training model where professor assist each other prosper with this approach in their own classrooms,” Frink stated. “Research-based teaching can be as enriching for them as it is for our students, so we hope it captures on.”

UNLV Research Assisting Japan Release Its First Integrated Resorts

Japan’s tourism economy will go through an enormous shift– possibly introducing $10 billion in incorporated resorts– with a little assistance from researchers at UNLV’s International Gaming Institute (IGI).

Japanese federal government officials and magnate commissioned research from IGI’s Bo Bernhard, Brett Abarbanel, and Jennifer Roberts along with Kahlil Philander of Washington State University to direct their country in launching Japan’s first integrated resorts. Now offered to the public, the 2 comprehensive reports the group produced offer a few of the most thorough info that any jurisdiction has actually been able to make use of prior to incorporated resort implementation.

The first report is a socioeconomic analysis of the impacts of an incorporated resort casino, with a specific focus on Japan’s specified objectives for the undertaking, including striking a balance in between growing the Japanese tourist market while lessening social expenses such as dependency and criminal activity.

The 2nd report examines how video gaming policy can assist Japan get rid of arranged criminal offense in casino management– an essential first step in a brand-new casino jurisdiction– recommending strenuous requirements in pre-licensing background investigations, post-licensing enforcement structures, internal controls and compliance practices that reflect the greatest international standards, and more.

” Japan is in a fortunate position,” stated Bernhard, IGI’s executive director. “The government is asking all the best concerns, and the science behind the socioeconomic effects of integrated resorts has actually improved considerably in the previous 15 years, supplying useful and powerful standards for numerous choices.”

About the UNLV International Gaming Institute

Using research-based services and executive education programs to more than 50 jurisdictions across the globe, the International Video Gaming Institute (IGI) offers cutting-edge research study, understanding, and development to leaders in the worldwide video gaming industry. To assist keep its status as the “worldwide intellectual capital” of video gaming, IGI houses centers of excellence and labs. The Center for Gaming Innovation, the International Center for Video Gaming Policy, the Hospitality Lab, and the Esports Lab were each established to deal with a strategic issue that only a scholastic organization’s distinct spaces and structures can resolve.

Landmark research study is an action towards enhanced security in expert combating and other sports

[unable to retrieve full-text content] While it is now well acknowledged that repeated blows to the head are a danger element for CTE, we are still in our infancy of understanding why this condition happens in some individuals and not others …

Clinton camp helped fund Trump-Russia dossier research study


Rick T. Wilking/Pool/ AP In this Oct. 9, 2016, file picture, Democratic governmental candidate Hillary Clinton, right, speaks as Republican governmental nominee Donald Trump listens throughout the 2nd governmental debate at Washington University in St. Louis, Sunday, Oct. 9, 2016.

Tuesday, Oct. 24, 2017|6:15 p.m.

WASHINGTON– Hillary Clinton’s presidential project and the Democratic National Committee assisted money political research into President Donald Trump that ultimately produced a dossier of claims about his ties to Russia, an individual familiar with the matter said Tuesday night.

The revelation is likely to sustain grievances by Trump that the dossier, which the president has actually derided as “fake things,” is a politically inspired collection of salacious claims. Yet the FBI has worked to corroborate the file, and in a sign of its continuous importance to investigators, unique counsel Robert Mueller’s group– which is penetrating potential coordination between Russia and the Trump project– weeks ago questioned the previous British spy who assisted compile the claims in the dossier.

The file, which circulated in Washington in 2015 and was committed the FBI for its evaluation, contends that Russia was taken part in a longstanding effort to help Trump and had actually accumulated compromising information about him. Trump has actually repeatedly dismissed the file as false and in recent days has actually questioned on Twitter whether Democrats or the FBI had actually helped money it.

The individual knowledgeable about the matter, who spoke on condition of privacy to go over private customer matters, stated the arrangement was brokered by Marc Elias, a legal representative for the project and the DNC, and his law office of Perkins Coie. The offer started around last spring, when the company was approached by Combination GPS, the political research company behind the file, and lasted into the fall, right before Election Day, according to the individual.

Elias did not immediately return an email seeking remark, and representatives of Blend GPS declined to comment. The Washington Post first reported the plan.

According to a letter acquired by the AP Tuesday night, representatives of Blend GPS reached out to the company to reveal interest in continuing research study on Trump it had begun “for several other clients during the Republican main contest.” The identity of that other customer has actually not been exposed.

Perkins Coie then engaged Blend GPS in April 2016 “to carry out a range of research study services throughout the 2016 election cycle,” according to the letter.

The letter was sent out Tuesday by the law office’s basic counsel to a legal representative for Combination GPS. It is meant to launch the research company from its customer privacy responsibilities.

How Far Has UNLV Research Come?

Anniversaries recollect locations we’ve reached, and this fall, UNLV celebrates reaching its 60th year. While we can be happy with all the turning points and successes we have actually attained together over six decades, I ‘d likewise want to look more carefully at the journey that’s brought us here, as it lights the way towards the next terrific destination we seek before our 70th.

We are on an outstanding trajectory toward joining the ranks of the country’s leading research universities– exactly what you’ll frequently hear those of us at UNLV refer to as the Top Tier. I believe we’ve really been on the path to becoming this kind of research study university the whole time, even if we didn’t have this objective in mind from the start.

Among the most specifying attributes of a top research university is the quantity of research study financing it generates from external sources each year. In general, leading research study institutions garner a minimum of $100-120 million in research study financing yearly.

At about $60 million this year, UNLV admittedly will have to around double its funding to end up being one of the country’s top research study universities. But considering UNLV got in between $10-15 million in research funding in the 1990s, we have actually already come a long method.

Research funding was even lower than that when I showed up in 1985. At that time, the biology department had two research study “stars” who went on to become recognized professors: animal physiologist Mohamed Yousef, who studied animals’ reaction to heat and water tension, consisting of how heat and dehydration could impact Flying force pilots; and biologist/activist Jim Deacon, who was responsible for the Devils Hole pupfish making its way onto the endangered species list. Most of the remaining biology faculty didn’t conduct funded research study. However by the time I was hired, every person we hired was anticipated to be an active scientist with grant support.

We also didn’t have actually devoted research study laboratories at that time, carrying out research study in our mentor labs rather. This meant that there were times during the academic year when I couldn’t keep my research equipment on the lab benches since my students were utilizing the area to deal with their projects and experiments. However, as soon as devoted research study laboratories that might house devices and sustain continuous experiments were carved out across school, UNLV’s research performance really removed. This is how we received from $15 million in research financing in the mid-1990s to around $60 million in between 2005 and 2010– a quadrupling in just 15 years.

Then the recession hit. UNLV’s financing dropped to $40 million by 2012. Nevertheless, what is often ignored this time duration is that about 40 percent of UNLV’s research study funding came from direct congressional appropriations (i.e., earmarks) then; our recession was straight tied to the elimination of those earmarks in 2012.

Despite this, UNLV actually saw a constant increase in competitive grant funding through the recession years– versus noncompetitive funding such as the abovementioned earmarks, typically handed over without rigorous peer review. In university-ranking circles, competitive grant financing is the main signifier of quality. And now that we’re post-recession, these type of annual boosts are becoming more pronounced at UNLV.

The Experimental Program to Promote Competitive Research study (EPSCoR), which enhances research abilities in underfunded states, was an essential driver in my research study profession. Large, multiyear grants like this supply crucial facilities in crucial research focus areas, with the goal of helping interdisciplinary teams sustain the original investment through competitive grants beyond the preliminary assistance. After a preliminary $2 million Department of Energy (DOE) EPSCoR grant that built a free-air CO2 enrichment website at the Nevada Test Website, we were able to acquire another $10 million in competitive grants from the DOE and National Science Structure over the next years to continue the long-lasting experiment.

Certainly, UNLV has to continue to leverage EPSCoR and similar programs, and our new School of Medicine will increase our research study portfolio ultimately, but I think the genuine key to ending up being a leading research university by 70 is to continue a hybrid method of leading faculty-driven efforts from our departments and performing on a campuswide, tactical plan in which we determine essential focus areas and make targeted, midcareer hires in those areas. Works with like Malcolm Nicol, whom UNLV hired from UCLA to form the High Pressure Science and Engineering Center (HiPSEC)— an interdisciplinary lab that studies nuclear testing, stockpiles, and their alternatives– led to what is now among the most efficient and well-funded centers on campus.

We likewise require more research study space. The Science and Engineering Building significantly increased UNLV’s collective capability to do innovative, interdisciplinary research study; at least another building like this is essential to keep us on the up and up.

Where there is a will and a great hybrid technique, there is a way. And if how far we have actually already been available in our journey is any indicator, UNLV is speeding its method to the top.

Stan Smith has served UNLV for 32 years and counting– first as a research-active faculty member in the School of Life Sciences, then as associate vice president for research study for Ten Years, and next as the acting dean of the College of Sciences before becoming teacher emeritus this summer.

To celebrate the many research, scholarly, and innovative activities occurring on our campus, join us at UNLV’s third annual Research study Week Oct. 9-13, 2017.