Tag Archives: research

UNLV pitches its research, innovation park at CES

UNLV at CES

Chris Kudialis Zach Miles, right, UNLV’s associate vice president for talks with fellow university staffers at a CES booth on Thursday, Jan. 10, 2019. By Chris Kudialis ( contact) Sunday, Jan. 13, 2019|2 a.m. At the Sands Expo and Convention Center, among hundreds of exhibitors and countless CES tech reveal attendees from worldwide, one cubicle was clearly Las Vegas. UNLV has been exhibiting at the annual tech program given that 2014.

“We concentrate on the innovation and growth capacity at CES,” stated Zach Miles, the school’s associate vice president for financial advancement. “It’s about whatever from making introductions to helping with offers in between business here and the university. We’re assisting to diversify and drive the community.”

Miles was among a dozen school staffers manning 2 UNLV booths recently, shaking hands with representatives of tech companies that might one day use UNLV’s facilities.

Miles said UNLV was primarily pitching the 122-acre, mixed-use Harry Reid Research study and Innovation Park, which serves as UNLV’s tech incubator.

A preliminary economic analysis by the UNLV Center for Service and Economic Research in 2015 estimated the park, set up to open in October at the 215 Beltway and Durango Drive, will create 25,000 new jobs and as much as $2.6 billion in direct and indirect economic impact in Las Vegas over twenty years.

Next to the UNLV cubicle, a business that has currently benefited from a research collaboration with the university flaunted its newest items.

QuickStrip, a Canadian medical startup, has actually contracted UNLV scientists for more than a year to assist establish and check its rapid-release pharmaceutical items.

Instead of taking medicine through a pill or liquid, QuickStrip provides users with a thin film-like spot that can be dissolved in the user’s mouth. Designers state it helps digest anything from caffeine to vitamins, prescription medications and cannabis products quicker than other approaches of oral administration.

Thanks to the partnership with UNLV, QuickStrip was able to investigate the effectiveness of the business’s products in an economical and effective way, business spokeswoman Kristina Shea said. “They’re doing amazing work for us,” she stated.

As lots of as 5 UNLV students also made their way to the exhibition hall floor this week, Miles stated. The mostly junior and senior engineering majors utilized the chance to network for themselves and on behalf of UNLV’s Workplace of Economic Development, Miles stated.

If the trainees brought back enough company cards, the university accepted spend for their CES passes, which cost in between $400 and $1,000.

Newsmakers 2018: Research

It was a banner year for scientific exploration, with the university closing out 2018 with an announcement that UNLV is now acknowledged as one of the country’s top research universities– and we did it seven years ahead of schedule.

Trainee and faculty researchers analyzed whatever from the devices and devices that have actually penetrated our daily lives to the prehistoric individuals and animals here on Earth (or those that might be waiting to be found on other planets). Here are simply a few examples that made the headings in 2018.

Technology

Google. Facebook. YouTube. Spotify. Apple. Residing in modern-day society suggests navigating a litany of makers and the results they unknowingly have on us. UNLV researchers this year analyzed what staying up to date with the Joneses suggests for our physical, mental, and social well-being.

iPads Can Be Literal Pain in the Neck

” iPad neck”– consistent pain in the neck and shoulders from slumping over or bending into extreme positions while using tablet computers– is a growing issue amongst Americans. A study led by UNLV physical therapy researchers looked at the toll persistent tablet usage can have on our bodies, who’s most susceptible to health impacts (ladies and young people), and what can be done about it. A number of hundred outlets reported on or picked up the story, and it continues to make the rounds today.

Technology Overload

Innovation brings the guarantee to make our lives simpler, but at what rate? UNLV sociologist Simon Gottschalk argued in brand-new research study that human beings need to resist “terminal” reasoning– our insatiable dependence on innovation– as the existing speed of engagement is drastically impacting our sense of self. Basically, our “new typical” isn’t rather so normal. In reality, it might be harmful to our physical, mental, and social health. Slowing down might appear impractical in today’s on-demand society, however Gottschalk says it’s vital for imagination and development. A piece he wrote for < a href ="https://theconversation.com/in-praise-of-doing-nothing-95998″ > The Discussion United States was the second-most top read 2018 contribution from UNLV, was equated to Spanish, and was called by the website as a top four ” vital read” on modern-day solitude.

Face the Music

UNLV psychology scientist Joanne Ullman and professor N. Clayton Silver surveyed university student to gauge the effectiveness of music piracy warnings, and discovered that personal privacy hazards are just as reliable at frightening illegal downloaders as huge fines. The findings were published by the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

People/Society

From the first humans on Earth to the most recent, UNLV researchers shed light on the traditions we undoubtedly leave for future generations.

Social Trends Shown Through Grad Caps

When graduation season arrives, so does the growing tradition of students bedazzling their mortarboards with everything from sequins to funny, political, and inspirational expressions. UNLV professor Sheila Bock, a folklorist and pop culture expert, has for three years been tracking what grad cap designs reflect about popular culture and social patterns, studying students from coast to coast who pick to wear their proverbial hearts on their hats. Bock’s research study got protection in more than 370 publications.

Bon Trip

Modern human beings might not have actually been the first travelers to cross the seas. Teacher emeritus, anthropologist, and archaeologist Alan Simmons studied ancient peoples’ trips on the Mediterranean, and found that Stone Age mariners may have crossed the seas more than 130,000 years previously than researchers believed– and might have even included Neanderthals.

Environment

From the earth’s core to deep space, UNLV researchers were busy in 2018 exploring our origins and the influence on our futures.

Volcano, a Tiny Glass Fragment, and Climate Modification

Our ancestors not only endured a massive volcanic eruption 74,000 years back, they may have grown during the resulting climate modification that occurred, a Nature research study by UNLV geoscientist Eugene Smith and colleagues discovered. The conclusions counter formerly held beliefs that the eruption of an Indonesian very volcano– called Mount Toba– and the resulting “winter” of ash and smoke spread countless miles and almost eliminated people.

Ice, Ice Baby

Geoscientist Oliver Tschauner and coworkers found the first direct evidence that water pockets might exist deep in the Earth’s mantle. The group examined unique pollutants in diamonds pushed from deep inside the Earth and discovered first naturally occurring example of the mineral ice-VII. The findings were published in the journal Science.

Someplace Out There

UNLV astrophysicist Jason Steffen and undergraduate student Ian Rabago released a research study in the Monthly Notifications of the Royal Astronomical Society which checked out the possibility of life on the moons of rogue planets– solitary planets ejected from their host star which wander through the galaxy. Steffen likewise weighed in NASA’s mission to utilize the Kepler and TESS telescopes to explore remote worlds, and discussed the Super Blue Blood Moon.

Martian Fossil Hunters

UNLV research might help assess landing areas and excavation sites for NASA’s 2020 Mars rover mission that wishes to find proof of previous life at a loss planet’s rocks. A group of geoscientists– consisting of teacher Libby Hausrath and previous student Seth Gainey– recreated clay minerals similar to those on Mars and published their work in Nature Communications.

Out of This World

UNLV first-year-graduate trainee Shangjia Zhang and astrophysicist/professor Zhaohuan Zhu led a global team of astronomers on a research study that used the effective ALMA telescope to discover that in other parts of our Galaxy there is possibly a large population of young planets– similar in mass to Neptune or Jupiter– at wide-orbit that are not noticeable by other current planet searching methods.

Animal World

Paleontologist and long time UNLV geology professor Steve Rowland assisted student and community researchers analyze two prominent prehistoric discoveries. This summer season, his laboratory combed over fossils from an extinct Columbian massive– a enormous, elephant-like animal that passed away standing up approximately 20,000 years back and was protected that way as the huge wetland it as soon as called home slowly relied on desert outside the Nye County neighborhood of Amargosa Valley. In the fall, he started examining a 310 million-year-old fossil trackway from ancient reptilian animal that left footprints in a fallen boulder that’s passed daily by hikers traversing the Bright Angel Trail in Grand Canyon National Forest.

Wildfire Danger and Real Estate Demand

As wildfires raved throughout much of the West, including California and Canada, research by UNLV financial expert Shawn McCoy exposed that need for real estate rebounds in high-risk areas within one to 2 years of a blaze. While that might sound like a true blessing to homeowners and realty representatives, business teacher said the phenomenon may likewise present somewhat of a curse. That’s since property buyers put such a considerable premium on houses with the appealing views and wonderfully separating dense vegetation provided by mountainous high-fire risk locations that even media coverage of out-of-control blazes, mass evacuations, or deaths might not discourage them. And more people living in forested areas produces ideal conditions for large-scale natural disasters.

Accolades

Achievements in the humanities, sciences, and more helped launch UNLV to the top of the Carnegie Category of Organizations of College’s brief list, where we signed up with the ranks of simply 130 institutions across the country categorized as “extremely high research study activity”– or R1– the gold requirement for university research study metrics. Earning the leading Carnegie category became part of UNLV’s Leading Tier Effort, a campuswide strategic plan to become one of the nation’s leading public universities in research study, education, and neighborhood effect by 2025.

UNLV Obtains Highest Status as Research Study University

UNLV’s drive to rise amongst the country’s leading public research universities took a significant step forward today when it was elevated to R1 “really high research activity” status by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of College.

R1 is the gold requirement for university research study categories, and out of 4,000 institutions nationwide, UNLV now is among just 120 with the distinction. UNLV had actually been categorized as “high research activity,” or R2, in Carnegie’s last update in 2015.

The news comes as UNLV continues to push forward on its Leading Tier Initiative, a campuswide tactical plan to sign up with the ranks of the country’s leading public universities in research, education, and community impact by 2025. This plan consists of making the top classification by Carnegie.

” This accomplishment is recognition of the dedication and efforts of numerous individuals, and an action along our journey for UNLV to be the best it can be,” stated UNLV President Marta Meana. “Reaching the highest Carnegie classification is years in the making and will have a comprehensive impact from recruitment of leading faculty and trainees, to widening our research study efforts, to bring in brand-new organisations that will increase economic development in our state. This is a proud day for UNLV and the neighborhood, and we will continue our meaningful operate in Southern Nevada and beyond.”

According to Carnegie’s classification website, information from the National Center for Education Statistics and National Science Structure (NSF) surveys is pulled to figure out the categories. The company determines research activity in a range of classifications, consisting of however not limited to postgraduate degrees approved, NSF-reported research study expenditures, and the variety of post-doctoral and non-faculty scientists.

NSF-reported research study expenses are on the increase at UNLV, from $42 million in fiscal year 2015 to $66 million in 2017. The university has also grown its doctoral programs throughout the disciplines and is granting more postgraduate degrees in general, moving from 124 research study doctoral degrees in 2013-14 to 162 degrees in 2017-18.

” We might not have actually reached this significant turning point of our Top Tier tactical plan without all the effort, commitment and ongoing collaboration amongst our college deans, chairs, professors, and personnel,” stated UNLV Provost and Executive Vice President Diane Chase. “It is a testament to the spirit of our UNLV professors, staff and trainees whose imagination and development drive a lot of our research.”

UNLV becomes the very first organization in Nevada to make Carnegie’s greatest difference, and joins eight other universities as brand-new arrivals for 2018: Dartmouth College, Oklahoma State University, Drexel University, Mississippi State University, Binghamton University, the University of Colorado, Denver, the University of Auburn, and the University of Alabama.

The Carnegie Category has actually been the leading structure for classifying the research study activities of colleges and universities in the U.S. for more than 40 years. The very first classification was published in 1973, almost twenty years prior to UNLV granted its very first Ph.D. in English in 1991.

UNLV’s first Carnegie designation was made in 1987, when it was classified as a “Comprehensive I” institution, acknowledging its offering of graduate education through master’s degrees. 7 years later, UNLV was reclassified as a “Comprehensive Master’s- approving University,” with more than 40 master’s degrees, and made a “Doctoral/Research University-Intensive” classification in 2000.

Considering that 2000, UNLV has considerably broadened its graduate degree programs campuswide, which includes a School of Oral Medicine and the Boyd School of Law, both firsts for Nevada, and a School of Public Health. UNLV granted 171 expert practice degrees– in law and oral medicine– last year, with those numbers expected to rise with the 2017 launch of the UNLV School of Medicine.

About UNLV

UNLV is a doctoral-degree-granting organization of more than 30,000 students and 3,500 professors and staff that is recognized as “very high research activity” by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of College. UNLV offers a broad variety of reputable scholastic programs and is on a course to join the top tier of national public research universities. The university is dedicated to hiring and maintaining leading trainees and professors, informing the area’s diversifying population and labor force, driving financial activity through increased research study and community collaborations, and creating an academic university hospital for Southern Nevada.

UNLV Research Study Opens Ideas to How Planets Type

Astronomers have cataloged nearly 4,000 exoplanets in orbit around distant stars. Though the discovery of these newfound worlds has actually taught us much, there is still a good deal we do not know about the birth of worlds and the precise cosmic recipes that generate the wide array of planetary bodies we have actually already revealed, consisting of so-called hot Jupiters, massive rocky worlds, icy dwarf worlds, and– ideally sooner or later soon– remote analogs of Earth.

To help address these and other interesting concerns, a team of UNLV and global astronomers has conducted the first large-sample, high-resolution study of protoplanetary disks, the belts of dust and gas around young stars.

Using the effective Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array ( ALMA) telescope, researchers have yielded stunning, high-resolution images of 20 nearby protoplanetary disks and provided astronomers new insights into the range of functions they contain and the speed with which planets can emerge.

The outcomes of this survey will appear in a special focus problem of the Astrophysical Journal Letters (< a href=" http://iopscience.iop.org/journal/2041-8205"

> ApJL ). Amongst the findings: UNLV first-year-graduate trainee Shangjia Zhang and astrophysicist/professor Zhaohuan Zhu led a research study that used these ALMA features to discover that in other parts of our Galaxy there is potentially a big population of young worlds– comparable in mass to Neptune or Jupiter– at wide-orbit that are not detectable by other current planet browsing methods.

” This implies that lots of extrasolar systems might resemble our planetary system in the sense that they likewise have Uranus and Neptune at the external disk,” Zhu stated. “Simply put, our solar system could just be a regular planetary system in our Milky Way.”

The UNLV scientists in addition collaborated with the worldwide astronomy team on all nine other publications in this unique ApJL focus concern. Comprehending Our Origin

Comprehending how Earth was formed 4 billion years back in our solar system is hard due to the fact that our solar system completed the planet development processes long earlier.

On the other hand, we can observe young stars in other parts of the Milky Way where young stars and young planets are presently being put together. Considering that these young stars are far away from us, we require effective telescopes, like ALMA, to study these systems.

The leftmost panel is the gas distribution in the simulation. The middle two panels show dust distribution in the simulation (small dust top and big dust bottom). The right panel show the final synthetic image, which is compared with observations directly (the observation is shown in Figure 19 of the paper). (Shangjia Zhang and Zhaohuan Zhu/UNLV College of Sciences)
The leftmost panel is the gas distribution in the simulation. The middle two panels show dust distribution in the simulation (small dust top and big dust bottom). The right panel show the final synthetic image, which is compared with observations directly (the observation is shown in Figure 19 of the paper). (Shangjia Zhang and Zhaohuan Zhu/UNLV College of Sciences)<< img class= "caption" src=" /wp-content/uploads/2018/12/nrao18cb23_comp1-826×1024.png" alt=" The leftmost panel is the gas distribution in the simulation.

The middle two panels reveal dust circulation in the simulation( little dust top and huge dust bottom). The best panel reveal the final synthetic image, which is compared with observations straight( the observation is shown in Figure 19 of the paper).( Shangjia Zhang and Zhaohuan Zhu/UNLV College of Sciences)”

title=” ALMA’s high-resolution pictures of neighboring protoplanetary disks, which are outcomes of the Disk Bases at High Angular Resolution Task (DSHARP). (Credit: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), S. Andrews et al.; NRAO/AUI/NSF, S. Dagnello) “/ > The leftmost panel is the gas circulation in the simulation. The middle 2 panels reveal dust circulation in the simulation( little dust top and huge dust bottom). The ideal panel show the last artificial image, which is compared to observations straight( the observation is shown in Figure 19 of the paper).( Shangjia Zhang and Zhaohuan Zhu/UNLV College of Sciences )

Keep it Complex: New Study Shows that Previous Research Oversimplified Schizophrenia Symptoms

The beginning of schizophrenia in young adults can put an instant stop to life objectives, with one set of signs being particularly devastating.

Unfavorable symptoms in schizophrenia can be so disabling that they hinder a person’s ability to go to school, begin a fulfilling profession, and even live individually.

In a current research study released by JAMA Psychiatry, UNLV psychology teacher Daniel Allen and associates recommend a new method to categorize the negative signs of schizophrenia, which might affect research and treatment in years to come.

Previous literature suggested that the unfavorable signs of schizophrenia need to be placed into two classifications. Allen and his coworkers suggest that view is too streamlined. To reflect the intricacy of the disease, and to hone in on more particular treatments, Allen suggests that the symptoms be put into 5 classifications.

Allen says it is important to comprehend the symptoms of schizophrenia so we can measure them accurately. “Correctly determining these symptoms allows us to evaluate whether or not the individual is enhancing or getting worse,” Allen stated. “Or whether or not we’re developing medications that are in fact valuable for the condition that they have, or not handy.”

Measuring signs in schizophrenia and other mental disorders can be difficult due to the fact that it is heavily based on what individuals tell their physicians about the signs they are experiencing. It differs from an illness like cancer, where the efficiency of treatments can be measured against the size of a growth, and whether it’s diminishing.

Therefore, researchers like Allen need to be as particular as possible when evaluating people with schizophrenia. Terrific care is required to ensure that questions are asked about the kinds of symptoms people with schizophrenia experience, consisting of negative symptoms.

His research study, which he composed with Gregory P. Strauss– his previous UNLV student and current assistant professor of psychology at the University of Georgia– highlights the complexity of the disease and its symptoms.

” People with schizophrenia will continue to have these relentless, negative signs that disrupt their capability to work, live separately, hold a job, get wed, and other crucial life goals and activities, and we need better treatments for them,” Allen said. “It’s one of those areas in schizophrenia where there’s a great deal of current research interest in how to develop brand-new medications or behavioral interventions that can remediate these signs so people can start to live typically.”

What are negative signs?

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness. Most people associate schizophrenia with uncommon or strange signs, consisting of hearing voices or seeing things that do not exist, delusional beliefs, and disorganized thinking and behavior. But other signs, referred to by scientists as negative symptoms, represent regular habits and capabilities that the person has actually lost. These signs generally cause long-lasting practical problems.

Unfavorable symptoms include the inability to experience pleasure, the inability to motivate oneself, the failure to mingle, reduced or total absence of facial expressions, and lowered quantity of speech.

” I think what we hope is that this study, and research studies like it, will help us increase our understanding of the sort of symptoms that people with schizophrenia experience and what type of treatments are useful in improving those symptoms,” Allen stated.

About this research study

This study was authored by Allen, Strauss and a number of others, consisting of UNLV professor Kimberly Barchard and UNLV college student Alicia Nunez. The other authors are Anthony Ahmed of Weill Cornell Medication; Eric Granholm of the University of California, San Diego; Brian Kirkpatrick of the University of Nevada, Reno; and James Gold, of the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the Maryland Psychiatric Proving Ground.

UNLV to Mark Research Week October 8-12 with Series of Community Occasions

October 8-12 is Research Study Week at UNLV, and the university is planning more than 20 neighborhood events to commemorate the breadth of research and creative activities on school.

Occasions prepared for Research Week 2018 include laboratory tours, innovation expos, research study fairs, lectures, open houses, and workshops– all tailored toward engaging, educating, and inspiring the community about the power of research study at UNLV.

Amongst the highlights:

Oct. 10, from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Trainee Union, an undergraduate research study reasonable will showcase the work of students and faculty, and highlight the many chances UNLV trainees have to participate in research study with top university faculty.
Oct. 10, from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. at Rob Roy’s Innevation Center, representatives from UNLV’s Office of Economic Development will host a
” Start Smart” company startup class for present and aspiring business owners and small business owners.
Oct. 11, from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. at UNLV’s Greenspun Hall, leadership from the Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada, Change, and UNLV’s Colleges of Engineering and Urban Affairs will talk about the future of
< a href=" https://www.unlv.edu/event/smart-communities-reception-and-panel-discussion?delta=0?delta=0 “>” Smart Communities.” These neighborhoods provide core infrastructure and address lifestyle issues for their citizens.
Oct. 12, from 4 to 6 p.m. at UNLV’s Science and Engineering Building, rising scientists from several disciplines will share their work during the annual Graduate Research Display. Hear from trainees about earthquake risks in Southern Nevada, Maya archaeology, and < a href =

” https://www.unlv.edu/news/series/unlv-grad-students-breaking-ground-all-over-sometimes-literally” > more. The complete list of UNLV Research study Week occasions is readily available at

unlv.edu/research. Research and financial development activities help UNLV educate the next-generation labor force, address real-world problems, and provide life-altering services and products. Recent research highlights on campus consist of significant grants from the National Institutes of Health to advance human health and customized medicine in Nevada, and discoveries that could cause< a href=" https://www.unlv.edu/news/release/study-brain-proteins-patterns-reveal-clues-understanding-epilepsy ” > much better treatments for epilepsy and indicate the capacity for video games to determine potential behavioral issues in kids. Financial development efforts at UNLV are likewise growing, with overall licensing revenue up 23 percent over the past fiscal year to more than $360,000. University innovators were likewise issued 8 patents in 2015, consisting of one trainee development– Gambling establishment Dominoes – that recently debuted on a Las Vegas casino floor.

MEDIA.

Unless kept in mind, all UNLV Research study Week events are free and available to the public. Media preparing to participate in are asked to RSVP to [email protected]!.?.! or call( 702) 895-3102.

UNLV Gets $20 Million NIH Grant Renewal to Lead Research Study Network

Thanks to a five-year $20.3 million grant renewal from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), UNLV will continue to lead a health research network of 13 universities across the Mountain West region.

The Mountain West Medical Translational Research Study Infrastructure Network (CTR-IN) began in 2013 and is designed to broaden the research study capability of UNLV and partner institutions throughout 7 states with a concentrate on improving the health of locals.

And it’s working. Throughout the very first 4 years of the program, more than $4.6 million was invested in 69 pilot grants throughout the network. These grants are designed as drivers to help scientists prepared for larger, independent grant propositions. To this day, more than $37 million has been protected through 27 brand-new awards based upon initial CTR-IN pilot grants– which totals up to nearly $8 for every $1 invested.

Among the program’s highlights:

UNLV kinesiology teacher Brach Poston utilized a pilot grant in 2014-15 to support his research on non-invasive brain stimulation to improve motor ability and knowing in people with Parkinson’s illness. He just recently earned a $421,000 grant from the NIH to continue his research study.
University of Wyoming engineering teacher Domen Novak was granted pilot grant financing in 2015-16 to enhance chauffeur attention spans with the objective of decreasing motor vehicle fatalities. The motivating results led to the professor getting a $448,000 award from the National Science Foundation for additional research.

“Faculty members’ capability to protect such a big quantity of extramural funding shows the difference the CTR-IN is making at the participating universities,” said Dr. Parvesh Kumar, UNLV School of Medicine Vice Dean of Research study and lead private investigator on the grant. “It’s stimulating additional research study facilities advancement, which is among our major objectives of this grant.”

Financing comes the National Institutes of Health Institutional Development Award (IDeA) Center of Biomedical Research Excellence. The CONCEPT program constructs research study capacities in states that historically have actually had low levels of NIH financing by supporting basic, medical and translational research study; faculty development; and infrastructure improvements.

“As an academic medical center, the UNLV School of Medicine has as part of its mission the performing of research that enhances lives,” stated Dr. Barbara Atkinson, establishing dean of the medical school. “We’re happy that Dr. Kumar was able to play a key function in the renewal of UNLV’s largest research study grant. At UNLV, we believe knowledge can be derived from questioning the status quo, discovering more about illnesses and conditions and using that knowledge to improve the health of our community.”

UNLV and its partner universities share resources and knowledge, consisting of biostatistical and administrative assistance, along with mentorship and instructional chances that encourage extra research.

The initial five-year grant was granted to UNLV in 2013. This renewal will continue funding through 2023.

UNLV is the host university for the CTR-IN. Partner organizations consist of University of Alaska– Anchorage; University of Alaska– Fairbanks; University of Hawaii– Manoa; Boise State University; Idaho State University; University of Idaho; Montana State University; University of Montana; University of Nevada, Reno; New Mexico State University; University of New Mexico; and University of Wyoming.

Research Study: Brain Proteins, Patterns Reveal Clues to Understanding Epilepsy

New treatments might be on the horizon for individuals dealing with epilepsy or stress and anxiety, thanks to a development discovery by UNLV, Tufts University School of Medication, and a global team of scientists studying how proteins engage to control the shooting of brain cells.

The research study, published Tuesday in Nature Communications, supplies new insight into ways to regulate a specialized “compartment” of cells in the brain that controls their signaling. If researchers and physicians can influence that compartment, they can control the firing of brain cells, which might in turn stop or avoid seizures, among other things.

UNLV neuroscientist and lead author Rochelle Hines stated managing patterns of activity are crucial to the brain’s function.

“If we can better comprehend how the brain patterns activity, we can comprehend how it may go wrong in a disorder like epilepsy, where brain activity ends up being uncontrolled,” Hines stated. “And if we can comprehend exactly what is necessary for this control, we can develop much better techniques for treating and enhancing the lifestyle for people with epileptic seizures and possibly other types of conditions as well, such as stress and anxiety or sleep disorders.”

The six-year task moved one step better to answering decades-old questions about brain wave control, by quantitatively defining how 2 crucial proteins– the GABAA receptor a2 subunit and collybistin– connect. When the interaction was interrupted in rodent models, EEG tests showed brain waves moving out of control, mimicking patterns seen in humans with epilepsy and stress and anxiety.

“That’s the piece that might potentially change books: Previously, we had questions about how these pieces fit together and thought that possibly a group of three or more proteins communicated,” Hines stated. “However our group’s research strongly suggests that there’s an extremely specific interaction in between 2 of them, and this has implications for how neuroscientists may be able to manage this location.”

Collaborating the research effort was Stephen Moss, teacher of neuroscience at Tufts and director of the AstraZeneca Lab for Basic and Translational Neuroscience in Boston. Moss said that the study results must stimulate the development of drugs that target the GABAA receptor a2 subunit as new, more efficient treatments for epilepsy.

Hines and her other half, UNLV psychology teacher Dustin Hines, worked together on the job with researchers from Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston USA, where Rochelle was a post-doctoral fellow with Moss; as well as the University of Wurzburg in Germany; University of Turin in Italy; University of Zurich in Switzerland; University College London in the UK; and the IMED Biotech Unit of AstraZeneca, Boston USA.

The research study was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the German Quality Initiative.

UNLV, German research business dealing with self-governing delivery truck

Tuesday, July 24, 2018|2 a.m.

UNLV is joining a German research company to establish a self-governing delivery truck, the university announced on Monday.

The job is a partnership among UNLV, Fraunhofer IVI, a German transport research study business, and the Guv’s Workplace of Economic Advancement.

Fraunhofer IVI will send out an engineer to UNLV’s Transportation Proving ground to deal with mobility research study tasks in Southern Nevada. And UNLV will send an engineer to Germany to help Fraunhofer IVI with a task to establish computer systems to acknowledge things in a similar fashion as the human eye.

“Previous collaborations I’ve participated in with Fraunhofer have actually led to the advancement of products and services that would not have been possible otherwise, and I see the very same possibilities for transformative developments to come from this brand-new partnership,” said Zachary Miles, UNLV’s associate vice president of financial advancement. “Together, we might create a brand-new type of research and economic development chances in Southern Nevada.”

Work will center on Fraunhofer IVI’s AUTOtruck job to gear up distribution center trucks with technologies for automated shipment.

“We want to establish the transatlantic exchange of personnel and knowledge as a lever for the developments at both organizations,” said Frank Steinert, group manager for vehicle and propulsion technologies at Fraunhofer IVI. “With our program, the institutions have the ability to gain from new methods and services of their foreign partners.

Gov. Brain Sandoval said he wants Nevada to be a leader in self-governing transport to diversify the state’s economy.