Tag Archives: rhino

African elephant, hippo, rhino populations shrink in wartime


Joshua Daskin/ AP In this 2014 image provided by Joshua Daskin, a hippopotamus charges into the waters of Lake Urema in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique.

Wednesday, Jan. 10, 2018|11:10 a.m.

WASHINGTON– War is hell for wildlife, too. A brand-new research study discovers that wartime is the greatest danger to Africa’s elephants, rhinos, hippos and other big animals.

The researchers examined how years of conflict in Africa have impacted populations of big animals. More than 70 percent of Africa’s safeguarded wildlife locations fell inside a war zone eventually considering that 1946, many of them consistently, they found. The more frequently the war, the steeper the drop in the mammal population, stated Yale University ecologist Josh Daskin, lead author of a research study in Wednesday’s journal Nature.

“It takes little conflict, as much as one conflict in about Twenty Years, for the average wildlife population to be decreasing,” Daskin stated.

The areas with the most frequent battles– not necessarily the bloodiest– lose 35 percent of their mammal populations each year there’s combating, he said.

Although some animals are killed in the crossfire or by ground mine, war mostly alters social and financial conditions in a manner that inconvenience on animals, said research study co-author Rob Pringle, an ecologist at Princeton University.

Individuals in and near battle zone are poorer and hungrier. So they poach more frequently for important tusks or hunt safeguarded animals to consume, Pringle said. Conservation programs do not have much loan, power and even the ability to safeguard animals throughout wartime, Pringle stated.

Most of the time, some animals do endure wars. Scientist discovered animal populations entirely eliminated just in six instances– including a large group of giraffes in a Ugandan park between 1983 and 1995 throughout 2 civil wars.

Other research studies have actually looked at private war zones and found animal populations that diminish and others that grow. For example, the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea is great for wildlife due to the fact that it has “acted almost as a de facto park for nearly 7 years,” Daskin stated.

The brand-new study covered the whole continent over 65 years. The scientists took a look at 10 various elements that could change population numbers, consisting of war, dry spell, animal size, safeguarded locations and human population density.

The variety of wars had the biggest impact on population while the intensity of the wars– determined in human deaths– had the least.

By taking a look at the huge image, the research study supports exactly what many experts figured, that “war is a major chauffeur of wildlife population decreases across Africa,” said Kaitlyn Gaynor, an ecology scientist on war and wildlife at the University of California, Berkeley. She was not part of the research study.

Greg Carr, an American philanthropist and head of a nonprofit group operating in and around Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park, stated the findings are not surprising. The park’s wildlife populations plunged during the country’s civil war, however Carr attributes it more to poverty than war.

“With or without war, hardship is the hazard to wildlife in Africa going forward,” Carr said in an email.

Gorongosa is an example of how bad war is for wildlife, but also how rapidly animals can recuperate, the researchers said.

The civil war that ended in 1992 decimated the area with both rebel and federal government soldiers searching “their way through the wildlife in the park,” Daskin said. Types came close to “blinking out,” however not. Now wildlife is back to 80 percent of prewar levels, Daskin said.

“The effect of war on wildlife is bad,” Pringle stated. “But it’s not apocalyptic.”

AP reporter Christopher Torchia added to this report from London.

California guy convicted in Las Vegas of offering rhino horns

Friday, Sept. 15, 2017|5:45 p.m.

. A Northern California male who offered black rhinoceros horns to undercover agents in a Las Vegas hotel room was convicted of the crime, inning accordance with the office of the U.S. lawyer for the district of Nevada.

Edward Levine, 64, of Novato, Calif., was founded guilty on Thursday of conspiracy to break the Lacey and Endangered Types acts and breaching the Lacey Act prohibiting trade in illegally gotten wildlife, fish and plants, according to officials.

On January 2014, Levine and San Francisco art dealership Lumsden Quan started engaging with a federal representatives– through e-mail and phone call– who had revealed interest in purchasing the prohibited horns, documents show. The men informed the representatives that they were intermediates for a third guy who owned the horns.

The settlements on the purchase rate and location continued till March 2014, when Quan and Levine satisfied an agent in a south valley hotel space. The set were arrested as they went out of the room after exchanging the product for $55,000.

Considering that 1976, the black rhinoceros, a threatened species, is secured under federal and worldwide law, and the trade of its horns is illegal.

The horns, which are made up of keratin, are traded in the black market and are utilized in some cultures for decorative carvings, good-luck beauties. Other cultures think the horns have medical value, according to court files.

Levine’s partner, Quan, pleaded guilty in 2015 was sentenced to a year in jail on the exact same counts and purchased to pay a $10,200 fine, inning accordance with court files.

Levine faces up to five years at sentencing Dec. 15.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Male admits selling jeopardized rhino horns in Las Vegas

A California man pleaded guilty in federal court Friday to charges of illegally selling the horns of the endangered black rhinoceros in Las Vegas.

Lumsden Quan and his co-defendant, Edward N. Levine, likewise from California, were apprehended at the South Point resort in March 2014 following an undercover investigation by agents with the united state Fish and Wildlife Service.

Quan, 47, pleaded guilty Friday to conspiracy and breaching the Lacey Act, which forbids the sale across state lines of secured wildlife. He does not have a contract to comply with district attorneys.

Chief U.S. District Judge Gloria Navarro set a Dec. 3 sentencing date for Quan, who is complimentary on his own recognizance.

Levine, who deals with the very same federal wildlife charges, is to stand trial Oct. 19.

According to court files, Quan and Levine acted as brokers for the ailing owner of the rhinoceros horns in San Francisco. The horns were given Las Vegas, and the two men sold them at the South Point to an undercover Fish and Wildlife agent for $55,000 in money.

The hotel-room transaction was secretly recorded by government camera, the documents allege.

At his plea hearing Friday, Quan, who resides in San Francisco, stated the previous owner of the horns has since passed away.

The black rhinoceros, belonging to eastern and main Africa, has actually been threatened by the worldwide need for its prized horns. It is listed in the united state Endangered Types Act.

A Denver-based Fish and Wildlife representative said in a criminal grievance in 2013 that rhinoceros horns are a “highly searched for product” worldwide, despite the fact that their trade has been prohibited given that 1976.

The representative stated he was part of a federal group participating in “Operation Crash,” which has been investigating the unlawful killing of the animals and trafficking of their horns.

Contact Jeff German at jgerman@reviewjournal.com!.?.! or 702-380-8135. Find him on Twitter: @JGermanRJ