Tag Archives: study

UNLV School of Medication Awarded Grant to Continue Study on Car Injuries

The UNLV School of Medicine Department of Surgery was recently awarded a grant from the Nevada Department of Public Security to continue its work towards understanding and avoiding traffic-related injuries and deaths in Nevada.

Dr. Deborah Kuhls, teacher of surgical treatment, and co-investigator Laura Gryder used previous grant funding to create a comprehensive database from 2005-2015 Nevada Department of Transportation crash data and associated info from injury centers statewide.

The current $235,000 grant will enable researchers to continue their work, which includes introducing and examining information from the past two years and examining present pedestrian safety education efforts.

“This data enables us to analyze crashes and risk-taking behaviors in relation to difficult medical expenses and outcomes, and it likewise contributes required background to support safety related legislation,” said Dr. Kuhls.

According to researchers, deaths and injuries from vehicle-related crashes have actually risen steadily in Nevada since 2009. Amongst the task’s findings to this day:

The highest portion of traffic casualties for those admitted to a Nevada trauma center in between 2005-2015 were from pedestrian crashes (7.5 percent), followed by motorbike crashes (4.3 percent) and motor vehicle crashes (2.6 percent).
Analysis from the database shows rear-seated teenager passengers are 70 percent most likely to not wear a seatbelt than those in the front seat. After a crash, they have higher accumulated hospital charges, spend more days in the healthcare facility, and more days in the ICU than those using seat belts.
Crash-trauma information from 2012-2014 reveals that average hospital charges for a moped crash are $8,120 more for riders who don’t wear helmets compared to helmeted riders. Injuries to the extremities and to the head and neck are most typical. Moped riders in Nevada are not currently required to use a helmet.
Around 30 percent of pedestrian crash patients brought to a Nevada injury center were crossing the street poorly. They spent more days in the health center and accumulated significantly greater median healthcare facility expenses ($113,475 vs. $52,727) compared to pedestrians who were injured while crossing properly.

“By performing this research study, we can continue to supply essential info to legal, community, and state companies,” Gryder stated. “We can utilize the information to establish the most proper, targeted injury prevention interventions to make the biggest possible effect on the lives of citizens of our state.”

UNLV Research Study: Placenta Intake Provides Couple Of Advantages for New Moms

A groundbreaking study by UNLV researchers shows that taking placenta capsules has little to no result on postpartum mood, maternal bonding, or tiredness, when compared with a placebo.

Taking in the placenta (in pill form) following childbirth is an increasingly popular pattern in industrial countries, such as the UK, France, Germany, Australia, and the United States. Although accurate estimates are not yet available, the majority of professionals concur there are numerous thousands of ladies in the United States alone who practice maternal placentophagy. And while the practice seems more common in house birth settings, it has been infecting hospital births.

Advocates of the practice state that due to the fact that maternal placentophagy prevails in mammals throughout nature, it probably uses some benefits to human moms too.

The existing study, that included 12 women who took placenta capsules and 15 who took placebo pills in the weeks after delivering, was led by scientists from UNLV’s Department of Anthropology and School of Medicine. The research study team checked the efficacy of placenta pills in promoting numerous health benefits, consisting of stemming the beginning of postpartum ‘baby blues’ and anxiety of brand-new moms. The results of the brand-new research study find that such claims are not clearly supported.

The research group’s work did program, however, that ingesting placenta capsules produced little but detectable changes in hormonal agent concentrations that show up in a mom’s circulating hormone levels.

The research study was published online Nov. 23 in the journal Women and Birth. In 2015, the group released a research study showing that taking in encapsulated placentas was not as good of a source of iron as proponents had recommended.

Prof. Daniel Benyshek, senior author of the research study, suggested that both supporters and doubters alike may indicate these new results.

“Placentophagy advocates may indicate the fact that we did see evidence that many of the hormones identified in the placenta capsules were modestly raised in the placenta group mothers,” Benyshek said.

“Similarly for skeptics, our results may be viewed as evidence that placentophagy doesn’t ‘truly work’ since we did not discover the type of clear, robust distinctions in maternal hormone levels or postpartum mood in between the placenta group and placebo group that these types of studies are designed to find,” he said.

So, while the research study supplies no clear proof of placentophagy benefits compared with a placebo– which is the scientific standard– it does reveal that the practice is capable of affecting maternal hormone levels and that might supply some kind of restorative result. To what extent, however, is uncertain. More research is required in order to explore these impacts more completely.

“While the study does not supply firm assistance for or against the claims about the advantages of placentophagy, it does clarify this much disputed subject by offering the first results from a medical trial specifically checking the effect of placenta supplements on postpartum hormonal agents, state of mind, and energy,” said Dr. Sharon Young, lead author of the research study and program manager for UNLV’s Office of Undergraduate Research. “What we have revealed are intriguing areas for future exploration, such as small effect on hormone levels for women taking placenta pills, and small enhancements in mood and fatigue in the placenta group.”

Research study authors consist of Sharon M. Young, Program Supervisor for the UNLV workplace of Undergraduate Research, Laura K. Gryder, Program Director at the UNLV School of Medication, Chad L. Cross, Associate Research Study Professor at the UNLV School of Medicine and School of Neighborhood Health Sciences, David Zava and David Kimball at ZRT Lab in Beaverton, Oregon, and Daniel C. Benyshek, Teacher of Sociology at UNLV, and Adjunct Teacher at the UNLV School of Medication.

Study: Cops Body-Worn Cameras Reduce Reports of Misbehavior, Usage of Force

A new study on the effects of body-worn video cameras on law enforcement officer concluded that the technology is related to substantial decreases in problems of cops misbehavior and cops use of force occurrences.

The study, conducted by UNLV’s Center for Criminal offense and Justice Policy and Virginia-based non-profit research study company CNA in coordination with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Cops Department (LVMPD), also found that body-worn cams can produce substantial expense savings for cops by simplifying the complaint resolution procedure.

According to study authors, “these outcomes follow the perceived benefits of the body-worn cam technology and support the idea that body-worn video cameras can assist to enhance relations between authorities and communities.”

The United States Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice moneyed the research study beginning in 2014 to determine the effect of the fairly current technology on a variety of results connected to utilize of force, misconduct, and to information the cost-benefit of the cams. LVMPD was one of the first large authorities companies in the U.S. to equip its officers with body-worn cameras.

” Body used electronic cameras show a cops company’s dedication to transparency and accountability,” stated research study co-author William Sousa, director of UNLV’s Center for Criminal activity and Justice Policy “The outcomes of this research study recommend that the cameras likewise have advantages in terms of reductions in authorities use of force and grievances of officer misbehavior.”

Utilizing a randomized regulated trial, approximately 400 LVMPD officers were appointed into one of two groups: a “treatment” group with body-worn cams and a “control” group without. After one year in the trial, the number of officers with at least one grievance of misconduct had actually decreased 30 percent for officers with body-worn cams, however had reduced only 5 percent for control officers. Likewise, the variety of officers with a minimum of one usage of force incident had reduced 37 percent for officers with body-worn electronic cameras, but occurrences increased 4 percent for control officers. Body-worn video cameras were likewise associated with more citations issued (an increase of 8 percent) and more arrests made (an increase of 6 percent).

The analysis also revealed a significant total cost savings due to fewer complaints of misconduct and fewer resources spent on misconduct examinations. The study pointed out expenses of body-worn cameras between $828 and $1,097 per user, each year. The expense savings from fewer misbehavior grievances and investigations were estimated by authors to be more than $4,000 per user yearly.

“This research, part of a growing body of strenuous research study concerning body-worn cameras, offers important information to the increasing variety of police companies implementing body-worn video cameras in the United States,” said study co-author Chip Coldren, handling director of justice programs at CNA. “It provides compelling proof electronic cameras can generate cost savings by simplifying problem resolution, which can amount to countless dollars for a significant city and lead to big decreases in using force by police.”

Check out the full report here.

About UNLV Center for Criminal Offense and Justice Policy.

The UNLV Center for Criminal Offense and Justice Policy, part of the Greenspun College of Urban Affairs, utilizes applied research study to help notify criminal justice practice. The center is directed by UNLV criminal justice teacher William Sousa and works carefully with neighborhood groups, social service companies, and criminal justice specialists. The center takes advantage of the know-how of UNLV faculty who specialize in all locations of scientific inquiry and policy development, especially in the field of criminal justice. Tasks have actually covered a wide variety of criminal justice topics, including police techniques and technologies, school violence, neighborhood criminal offense avoidance, community corrections, and prisoner re-entry.

Study: Authorities Body-Worn Cameras Effective in Reducing Reports of Misconduct, Usage of Force

A brand-new study on the effects of body-worn video cameras on law enforcement officer concluded that the innovation is related to considerable reductions in problems of police misconduct and authorities usage of force incidents.

The research study, conducted by UNLV’s Center for Criminal activity and Justice Policy and Virginia-based non-profit research organization CNA in coordination with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Cops Department (LVMPD), also found that body-worn video cameras can create substantial cost savings for police by simplifying the problem resolution procedure.

According to study authors, “these results follow the perceived advantages of the body-worn cam innovation and support the idea that body-worn video cameras can assist to improve relations in between authorities and communities.”

The United States Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice moneyed the study start in 2014 to figure out the impact of the relatively recent innovation on a variety of outcomes connected to use of force, misbehavior, and to information the cost-benefit of the video cameras. LVMPD was one of the very first large cops agencies in the U.S. to equip its officers with body-worn video cameras.

Utilizing a randomized controlled trial, around 400 LVMPD officers were assigned into one of two groups: a “treatment” group with body-worn electronic cameras and a “control” group without. After one year in the trial, the variety of officers with a minimum of one grievance of misbehavior had decreased 30 percent for officers with body-worn video cameras, but had reduced only 5 percent for control officers. Likewise, the number of officers with at least one usage of force occurrence had actually decreased 37 percent for officers with body-worn electronic cameras, however events increased 4 percent for control officers. Body-worn cams were likewise connected with more citations issued (a boost of 8 percent) and more arrests made (an increase of 6 percent).

The analysis likewise exposed a substantial total expense savings due to fewer complaints of misconduct and fewer resources invested in misbehavior examinations. The research study mentioned costs of body-worn cams in between $828 and $1,097 per user, per year. The cost savings from fewer misconduct grievances and investigations were estimated by authors to be more than $4,000 per user each year.

Check out the complete report here.

About UNLV Center for Crime and Justice Policy

The UNLV Center for Criminal Activity and Justice Policy, part of the Greenspun College of Urban Affairs, utilizes used research study to help inform criminal justice practice. The center is directed by UNLV criminal justice professor William Sousa and works closely with neighborhood groups, social service organizations, and criminal justice experts. The center capitalizes on the expertise of UNLV faculty who specialize in all locations of clinical inquiry and policy advancement, particularly in the field of criminal justice. Jobs have actually covered a wide variety of criminal justice subjects, including authorities techniques and technologies, school violence, community criminal offense avoidance, neighborhood corrections, and prisoner re-entry.

Landmark research study is an action towards enhanced security in expert combating and other sports

[unable to retrieve full-text content] While it is now well acknowledged that repeated blows to the head are a danger element for CTE, we are still in our infancy of understanding why this condition happens in some individuals and not others …

Clinton camp helped fund Trump-Russia dossier research study

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Rick T. Wilking/Pool/ AP In this Oct. 9, 2016, file picture, Democratic governmental candidate Hillary Clinton, right, speaks as Republican governmental nominee Donald Trump listens throughout the 2nd governmental debate at Washington University in St. Louis, Sunday, Oct. 9, 2016.

Tuesday, Oct. 24, 2017|6:15 p.m.

WASHINGTON– Hillary Clinton’s presidential project and the Democratic National Committee assisted money political research into President Donald Trump that ultimately produced a dossier of claims about his ties to Russia, an individual familiar with the matter said Tuesday night.

The revelation is likely to sustain grievances by Trump that the dossier, which the president has actually derided as “fake things,” is a politically inspired collection of salacious claims. Yet the FBI has worked to corroborate the file, and in a sign of its continuous importance to investigators, unique counsel Robert Mueller’s group– which is penetrating potential coordination between Russia and the Trump project– weeks ago questioned the previous British spy who assisted compile the claims in the dossier.

The file, which circulated in Washington in 2015 and was committed the FBI for its evaluation, contends that Russia was taken part in a longstanding effort to help Trump and had actually accumulated compromising information about him. Trump has actually repeatedly dismissed the file as false and in recent days has actually questioned on Twitter whether Democrats or the FBI had actually helped money it.

The individual knowledgeable about the matter, who spoke on condition of privacy to go over private customer matters, stated the arrangement was brokered by Marc Elias, a legal representative for the project and the DNC, and his law office of Perkins Coie. The offer started around last spring, when the company was approached by Combination GPS, the political research company behind the file, and lasted into the fall, right before Election Day, according to the individual.

Elias did not immediately return an email seeking remark, and representatives of Blend GPS declined to comment. The Washington Post first reported the plan.

According to a letter acquired by the AP Tuesday night, representatives of Blend GPS reached out to the company to reveal interest in continuing research study on Trump it had begun “for several other clients during the Republican main contest.” The identity of that other customer has actually not been exposed.

Perkins Coie then engaged Blend GPS in April 2016 “to carry out a range of research study services throughout the 2016 election cycle,” according to the letter.

The letter was sent out Tuesday by the law office’s basic counsel to a legal representative for Combination GPS. It is meant to launch the research company from its customer privacy responsibilities.

UNLV Psychology Teacher Launches Study of Distressing Results of Oct. 1 Tragedy

UNLV psychology professor and researcher Stephen Benning has actually released a study targeted at comprehending how individuals are responding mentally to the catastrophe at the Path 91 country music celebration.

The mass shooting on Oct. 1 left 58 individuals dead, hundreds wounded and ratings distressed, consisting of numerous from the UNLV neighborhood.

Benning said the research study will take a look at how people’s stories of the tragedy are connected with symptoms of distressing stress and anxiety as well as their characteristic, growth from trauma, and beliefs about the distressing occasion.

“We believe that the method people tell their stories may be related to the levels of post-traumatic tension and depression symptoms they show,” Benning said.

Benning established the study a week after the shooting. “One objective of the study is to provide individuals a place to tell their stories and procedure what has actually happened,” he stated.

Participants in the voluntary research study need to be 18 years or older and either have actually been at the country music celebration or be a member of the Las Vegas neighborhood who discovered exactly what occurred within 24 Hr of the tragic occurrence.

“I’m proud to see our professor using their research in the instant service of our community in the wake of this terrible event,” stated Diane Chase, UNLV executive vice president and provost.

Anyone interested in participating in the study can discover more at http://vegasstrong.peplab.org/ and should sign up by the end of October.

Coroner: Stanford to study body of Las Vegas shooter

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Mikayla Whitmore Clark County Coroner John Fudenberg speaks to members of the media throughout a press instruction in Las Vegas, Nev. on October 5, 2017. The rundown was held to discuss the efforts different firms have been performing to provide convenience and help to the victims and their families associated with the mass shooting at the Route 91 Harvest celebration this past Sunday.

Friday, Oct. 13, 2017|5:45 p.m.

. The coroner in Las Vegas states the body of the man who released the deadliest mass shooting in contemporary U.S. history has been sent out to Stanford University for research study.

Clark County Coroner John Fudenberg stated Friday that an autopsy was completed on 64-year-old Stephen Craig Paddock, but a finding on a cause and way of his death is not anticipated for several months.

Fudenberg states it will await the outcomes of several forensic analyses at Stanford, including a neuropathological evaluation of Paddock’s brain tissue.

The coroner says the bodies of all 58 victims in the Oct. 1 shooting at the Path 91 Harvest Festival concert on the Las Vegas Strip were gone back to next-of-kin by Oct. 6.

Fudenberg says Paddock’s body will be gone back to his household after forensic test outcomes are known.

UNLV Study Exposes Advancement in Decoding Brain Function

If there’s a last frontier in understanding the human body, it’s absolutely not the pinky. It’s the brain.

After four years of lab screening and complex neuro-decoding, a research study team led by UNLV psychology teacher James Hyman has struck a significant advancement that might open the floodgates for research study into the anterior cingulate cortex, or ACC, and how human brains find out.

The research study, published this summer in the neuroscience journal Neuron, provides new insight into the ACC’s role in assisting the brain’s reaction and adaptation to unexpected results. The study likewise showed the first cellular correlates of the thoroughly studied human phenomena referred to as feedback negativeness. Hyman had actually previously found in 2015 definitive evidence that the ACC in rodent brains reacts in the very same manner as in human beings to reward possibility and outcome span.

The research study gathered an unique sneak peek article in the journal from Bruno Averbeck, a leading expert in the field from the National Institutes of Health.

The function of the brain’s ACC is heavily studied, however lots of scientists think it adds to behavioral adaptation, detection of conflict and reacting to and managing psychological reactions.

According to Hyman, the ACC basically produces expectations about exactly what’s going to occur. Then, when the result of our actions causes an outcome, our brain evaluates whether that result was the very same as what we anticipated. The ACC is integrally involved in this procedure. If the outcome is not what we anticipated, the ACC responds with a larger electrical charge– referred to as feedback negativity– than if the outcome was expected.

The research group revealed that when an anticipated result was not provided, a neural signal in the brain’s ACC was identified. This signal offers clues to the cellular origin of feedback negativity, which the phenomenon might be produced as the nerve cells in the ACC shift from encoding anticipated to real outcomes.

Our brains are continuously doing this, Hyman said.

“Usually, the ACC constantly has a negative electrical change to outcomes, it’s just the size of this change varies by whether the result was the anticipated one or not and whether it was much better or even worse than anticipated,” said Hyman. “Each thing we do involves making predictions about exactly what’s going to occur next. Typically facile little things, such as opening an unlocked door,” Hyman stated.

For example, if you go to open exactly what you believe to be an opened door by its deal with, your ACC is anticipating the result that the door will open and you will walk in. If the door manage is locked and it does closed as predicted, an electrical reaction occurs that is readable. The ACC will then learn from the unforeseen result of its preliminary forecast.

Now picture you were playing a slots with a 75 percent possibility of winning (we’re pretending here). If the portion was altered without you knowing to 25 percent, your ACC would still predict a favorable result. When you start losing, the ACC would respond to the unforeseen outcome. And, most significantly, you would understand something’s not right, gain from the outcome, and potentially change your behavior.

Through the course of the study, Hyman likewise discovered a correlation betweeen feedback-related negativity in both human and rodent models.

“It took as few as two successive unanticipated events for cells to change and start making the opposite prediction,” Hyman said. The testing mirrored what has been carried out in human beings and opens the possibility that findings from rodent designs can add to our understanding of the ACC function in humans.

Additional research on the ACC could cause brand-new services to help in the cognitive control issues that are connected with a host of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, schizophrenia, and drug dependency.

According to Hyman, this discovery will help in more comprehending our ability to identify the circumstances where we have the most discovering. “Understanding those mechanics could make us discover faster,” he stated.

Publication Information: “ A Novel Neural Forecast Mistake Found in Anterior Cingulate Cortex Ensembles” appeared in the July concern of the journal Nerve cell (Vol. 95, problem 2). Study co-authors included psychologists Clay Brian Holroyd of the University of Victoria and Jeremy Keith Seamans with the University of British Columbia.