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Research Study: Maternal Placenta Consumption Causes No Harm to Babies

The biggest study of its kind discovered mothers who consumed their placenta handed down no harm to their newborn babies when compared with babies of mothers who did not consume their placenta.

The joint study by UNLV and Oregon State University was published May 2 in the journal Birth. Reviewing approximately 23,000 birth records, scientists found no increased threat in 3 areas: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit admissions in the very first 6 weeks of life; neonatal hospitalization in the first 6 weeks; and neonatal/infant death in the very first 6 weeks.

The research study also found that females who reported a history of stress and anxiety or depression were more likely to consume their placentas, and that the most common factor for choosing the practice was to avoid postpartum depression.

“This research study, based on a big sample of customers, gives us a better understanding of why ladies are consuming placenta after birth and the impacts of that consumption on babies,” said study co-author Melissa Cheyney, a licensed midwife, medical anthropologist and associate teacher in Oregon State University’s College of Liberal Arts. “The findings likewise provide us a structure from which to further explore the effect of placenta consumption on postpartum mood disorders.”

Taking in the placenta following childbirth is a progressively popular trend in industrial countries, such as the UK, France, Germany, Australia, and the United States. Although precise quotes are not yet offered, the majority of specialists concur there are numerous countless women in the United States alone who practice maternal placentophagy. And while the practice seems more typical in house birth settings, it has actually been infecting healthcare facility births.

The new study, which took a look at birth results and newborn danger, along with how females consume their placentas and their inspirations for doing so, contrasts a current Centers for Illness Control and Prevention report recommending against placentophagy.

The CDC report was based upon a single case research study of a baby in Oregon who may have become infected with group B Streptococcus agalactiae following maternal intake of an infected placenta. Based upon that case, the CDC suggested that placenta capsule consumption should be avoided.

“Our findings were surprising given the current standards suggesting against placenta intake, as well as the recognized threats of taking in raw or undercooked meat,” said Daniel Benyshek, teacher of sociology at UNLV and the study’s lead author. “These brand-new findings provide us little reason to caution against human maternal placentophagy out of fear of health risks to the baby.”

A study by Benyshek and coworkers in 2015 discovered taking placenta capsules had little to no result on postpartum state of mind, maternal bonding, or fatigue, when compared with a placebo, although the research study did recognize a small, dose-specific impact on some maternal amongst individuals taking the placenta pills, and might require additional research.

The new research study was based upon the Midwives Alliance of The United States And Canada Data Project, a perinatal registry of maternal and infant health information from midwife-led births mainly at home and in birth centers.

The researchers said nearly one-third of the females in the database consumed their placenta following birth, primarily via pills consisting of cooked or raw, dehydrated and ground placenta.

They likewise found that, among this sample of ladies who prepared neighborhood births, those who consumed their placenta were more likely to be from a minority racial or ethnic group; hold a bachelor’s degree; be having their very first infant; and be from the Western or Rocky Mountain states.

While the research study discovered no danger to children, it did not analyze effect on postpartum mood disorders.

Benyshek and Cheyney likewise found a small, dose-specific influence on maternal hormonal agents after usage. Additional research study is required, the professors stated.

“While there is currently no evidence to support the effectiveness of placentophagy as treatment for state of mind disorders such as postpartum depression, our study suggests that if neonatal infection from maternal intake of the placenta is possible, that it is exceptionally uncommon,” Cheyney said.

Overnight Study Space Open for Research Study and Finals Weeks

Night owls and impossibly early birds rejoice: you have actually got options for your next all-nighter.

In a nod to students who have actually been clamoring for all-hours gain access to, the University Libraries will provide students an overnight research study area in Lied Library to utilize during the Spring 2018 Research Study and Finals Weeks.

“Generally, Lied Library has used extended hours during this time, staying open up until 2 a.m. to provide students additional hours to use the library as they end up tasks and papers,” University Libraries Dean Maggie Farrell said. “In conversation with CSUN, who have consistently asked for a 24-hour study area in the library, we have actually implemented this pilot program for the spring semester.”

The Book ‘n’ Bean and its connected Extended Study Area will be open from 2-7:30 a.m. May 1-10, omitting the weekend. Students will be required to reveal UNLV recognition for entry.

“While the area provides a minimal varieties of seats, students will have access to peaceful and open study spaces, along with UNLV Wi-Fi,” Farrell said. “We’ll likewise be obtaining feedback from trainees … to help us even more comprehend the needs of our trainee body throughout Study and Finals Weeks.”

The Coffee Bean & & Tea Leaf, which runs the Book ‘n’ Bean cafe, will not be supplying food or drink service throughout these extended hours. There is no access to the library correct, computer systems or printers during overnight study.

Comprehensive Research Study: UNLV Alumni Take Pride In Their University

Results of the UNLV Alumni Mindset Survey remain in, offering insights into former and present trainees’ perceptions, attitudes, experiences, and viewpoints of their alma mater.

The Alumni Mindset Study becomes part of nationwide, multicollege research study. Over 250 universities and colleges have actually performed this research study with their alumni, offering an abundant database of equivalent data. Outcomes existed to campus leadership, communicators, and broadly to school.

” This study made it clear to us you appreciate UNLV. We’re sharing your feedback throughout school so we can enhance programs for both existing trainees and our alumni,” stated Chad Warren, senior associate vice president of UNLV alumni engagement and annual giving and executive director of the UNLV Alumni Association.

General Findings

Below are excerpts supplied by Performance Enhancement Group to UNLV.

Alumni take pride in UNLV and promote the university when consulting with prospective students and peers.
Alumni are most faithful to the university as an entire followed by commitment to their college/school.
Alumni wish to hear news about scholarship awards, achievements of students, the university’s engagement with the community, and upcoming alumni events.
Alumni seem like participating in UNLV was a good option.
Alumni want access to Profession Solutions after graduation.
Alumni want to mentor students.
Alumni need to know that the value of their degree is greater today than the day they finished and they want to understand exactly what the university is doing to increase that worth.
Alumni are concentrated on how their degree helped them in their lives and particularly how the degree is an improvement to their career.
Alumni desire varied events with more focus on career advancement and social work. Events offer an intriguing issue for UNLV. We understand that many will never go to an event. In spite of this, the survey shows that they still would like to know that their university is having events which crucial things are occurring at them. Therefore, interactions about successful results of occasions can be an essential gauge of success, possibly more so than the variety of attendees.

Download the complete study report.

About the Study

Thanks to the financial support of the Division of Philanthropy and Alumni Engagement, the Alumni Association had the ability to carry out a comprehensive alumni study at the end of 2017. UNLV previously conducted this research study remained in 2007. The results of the 2017 study were compiled from respondents.

There were 3 groups of survey questions that rate particular products based upon both significance and performance:

Concerns about the student experience of the alumnus/a.
Concerns about exactly what alumni ought to do (the correct role of an alumnus/a) and how well the university or alumni association supports alumni in doing those things.
Concerns on the importance of different methods of interactions and how reliable the university is at providing that communication.

The association welcomes more feedback from alumni. Complete the feedback kind or directly email Chad Warren.

Study: Distinct Diamond Impurities Indicate Water Deep in Earth'' s Mantle

A UNLV researcher has discovered the very first direct evidence that fluid water pockets may exist as far as 500 miles deep into the Earth’s mantle.

Groundbreaking research study by UNLV geoscientist Oliver Tschauner and associates discovered diamonds pushed up from the Earth’s interior had traces of distinct crystallized water called Ice-VII.

The study, “ Ice-VII inclusions in Diamonds: Evidence for liquid fluid in Earth’s deep Mantle,” was released Thursday in the journal Science.

In the jewelry company, diamonds with pollutants hold less value. However for Tschauner and other scientists, those pollutants, called inclusions have infinite worth, as they may hold the secret to comprehending the inner workings of our planet.

For his research study, Tschauner used diamonds found in China, the Republic of South Africa, and Botswana that surged up from inside Earth. “This reveals that this is a global phenomenon,” the teacher stated.

Scientists theorize the diamonds utilized in the research study were born in the mantle under temperatures reaching more than 1,000-degrees Fahrenheit.

The mantle – that makes up more than 80 percent of the Earth’s volume – is made of silicate minerals including iron, aluminum, and calcium among others.

And now we can add water to the list.

The discovery of Ice-VII in the diamonds is the first recognized natural incident of the aqueous fluid from the deep mantle. Ice-VII had been discovered in prior lab screening of products under extreme pressure. Tschauner likewise found that while under the boundaries of hardened diamonds discovered on the surface of the planet, Ice-VII is strong. However in the mantle, it is liquid.

“These discoveries are crucial in understanding that water-rich areas in the Earth’s interior can contribute in the international water budget and the movement of heat-generating radioactive elements,” Tschauner stated.

This discovery can help scientists create new, more precise models of exactly what’s going on inside the Earth, specifically how and where heat is produced under the Earth’s crust.

To puts it simply: “It’s another piece of the puzzle in understanding how our planet works,” Tschauner stated.

Naturally, as it frequently chooses discoveries, this one was found by accident, described Tschauner.

“We were searching for co2,” he said. “We’re still searching for it, actually,”

The study was co-authored by UNLV geoscience professor Shichun Huang, in addition to associates from the University of Chicago, the California Institute of Innovation, China University of Geosciences, the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.

UNLV Study Discovers No Testosterone Modifications in Esports Gamers

Gamers of the competitive esports computer game League of Legends showed no change in testosterone during game play, university researchers found.

The first-of-its-kind study, published this month in the journal Computers in Human Behavior, also showed null movement in the hormones DHEA, cortisol and androstenedione in saliva samples.

The samples were drawn from 26 male gamers on UNLV’s esports team, 8-Bit, who were contending versus fellow gamers or a computer system in games lasting 15 to 27 minutes.

“These gamers were dealing with familiar foes in a familiar environment. That is an essential reason that testosterone and other hormonal agents might not have changed. I would expect to see more action in regards to hormones in a competition environment versus unfamiliar competitors and with a large audience,” Gray stated.

The brand-new discovery accompanies the announcement that 8-Bit will be playing in the first ever Mountain West Esports occasion at UNLV in March. The MW eSports Showdown will be played in combination with the Mountain West Conference Men’s and Women’s Basketball Champions.

The event will include exhibits between UNLV’s 8-Bit group and Boise State University at the Thomas & & Mack Center, followed by the MW eSports Showdown Main Event at Cox Pavilion March 10.

The competition will feature 3 highly-popular esports video games: League of Legends, Rocket League and Overwatch.

Gray said the tournament may be a terrific thesis research project for a graduate or undergraduate UNLV student.

“We’re primed here at UNLV to study these impacts as esports is taking off and the university is prepared to be a research partner in this growing market locally, nationally, and globally,” the anthropology teacher said.

Inning accordance with the research study, “Salivary testosterone, cortisol, DHEA and androstenedione levels did not alter overall or between play against individuals vs. the computer system or with respect to winning or losing. However, play period (range 15 to 27 minutes) was favorably related to changes in DHEA, androstenedione and testosterone during play against people.”

The study did discover that whether video gaming against people or computer systems, levels of the hormonal agent aldosterone decreased.

Gray’s research is just one of the numerous methods UNLV is engaging the esports world.

UNLV has among the nation’s only academic programs combining the art, science, and company of esports. Students are developing ideas alongside magnate and scientists, they’re developing innovation that could become the next excellent start-up, and they’re learning from UNLV professionals who are helping to introduce a new wave in hospitality.

At UNLV’s International Gaming Institute (IGI), scientists are immersed in the nuances of the nascent market, driving best practices on esports and their crossway with the managed gaming industries, legal and regulative processes, video game advancement, and competitors facilities.

In 2017, UNLV’s IGI was important to the launch of the Nevada Esports Alliance, more positioning the state as a global esports center and UNLV as a research leader.

UNLV Research Study: Placenta Intake Provides Couple Of Advantages for New Moms

A groundbreaking study by UNLV researchers shows that taking placenta capsules has little to no result on postpartum mood, maternal bonding, or tiredness, when compared with a placebo.

Taking in the placenta (in pill form) following childbirth is an increasingly popular pattern in industrial countries, such as the UK, France, Germany, Australia, and the United States. Although accurate estimates are not yet available, the majority of professionals concur there are numerous thousands of ladies in the United States alone who practice maternal placentophagy. And while the practice seems more common in house birth settings, it has been infecting hospital births.

Advocates of the practice state that due to the fact that maternal placentophagy prevails in mammals throughout nature, it probably uses some benefits to human moms too.

The existing study, that included 12 women who took placenta capsules and 15 who took placebo pills in the weeks after delivering, was led by scientists from UNLV’s Department of Anthropology and School of Medicine. The research study team checked the efficacy of placenta pills in promoting numerous health benefits, consisting of stemming the beginning of postpartum ‘baby blues’ and anxiety of brand-new moms. The results of the brand-new research study find that such claims are not clearly supported.

The research group’s work did program, however, that ingesting placenta capsules produced little but detectable changes in hormonal agent concentrations that show up in a mom’s circulating hormone levels.

The research study was published online Nov. 23 in the journal Women and Birth. In 2015, the group released a research study showing that taking in encapsulated placentas was not as good of a source of iron as proponents had recommended.

Prof. Daniel Benyshek, senior author of the research study, suggested that both supporters and doubters alike may indicate these new results.

“Placentophagy advocates may indicate the fact that we did see evidence that many of the hormones identified in the placenta capsules were modestly raised in the placenta group mothers,” Benyshek said.

“Similarly for skeptics, our results may be viewed as evidence that placentophagy doesn’t ‘truly work’ since we did not discover the type of clear, robust distinctions in maternal hormone levels or postpartum mood in between the placenta group and placebo group that these types of studies are designed to find,” he said.

So, while the research study supplies no clear proof of placentophagy benefits compared with a placebo– which is the scientific standard– it does reveal that the practice is capable of affecting maternal hormone levels and that might supply some kind of restorative result. To what extent, however, is uncertain. More research is required in order to explore these impacts more completely.

“While the study does not supply firm assistance for or against the claims about the advantages of placentophagy, it does clarify this much disputed subject by offering the first results from a medical trial specifically checking the effect of placenta supplements on postpartum hormonal agents, state of mind, and energy,” said Dr. Sharon Young, lead author of the research study and program manager for UNLV’s Office of Undergraduate Research. “What we have revealed are intriguing areas for future exploration, such as small effect on hormone levels for women taking placenta pills, and small enhancements in mood and fatigue in the placenta group.”

Research study authors consist of Sharon M. Young, Program Supervisor for the UNLV workplace of Undergraduate Research, Laura K. Gryder, Program Director at the UNLV School of Medication, Chad L. Cross, Associate Research Study Professor at the UNLV School of Medicine and School of Neighborhood Health Sciences, David Zava and David Kimball at ZRT Lab in Beaverton, Oregon, and Daniel C. Benyshek, Teacher of Sociology at UNLV, and Adjunct Teacher at the UNLV School of Medication.

Study: Cops Body-Worn Cameras Reduce Reports of Misbehavior, Usage of Force

A new study on the effects of body-worn video cameras on law enforcement officer concluded that the technology is related to substantial decreases in problems of cops misbehavior and cops use of force occurrences.

The study, conducted by UNLV’s Center for Criminal offense and Justice Policy and Virginia-based non-profit research study company CNA in coordination with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Cops Department (LVMPD), also found that body-worn cams can produce substantial expense savings for cops by simplifying the complaint resolution procedure.

According to study authors, “these outcomes follow the perceived benefits of the body-worn cam technology and support the idea that body-worn video cameras can assist to enhance relations between authorities and communities.”

The United States Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice moneyed the research study beginning in 2014 to determine the effect of the fairly current technology on a variety of results connected to utilize of force, misconduct, and to information the cost-benefit of the cams. LVMPD was one of the first large authorities companies in the U.S. to equip its officers with body-worn cameras.

” Body used electronic cameras show a cops company’s dedication to transparency and accountability,” stated research study co-author William Sousa, director of UNLV’s Center for Criminal activity and Justice Policy “The outcomes of this research study recommend that the cameras likewise have advantages in terms of reductions in authorities use of force and grievances of officer misbehavior.”

Utilizing a randomized regulated trial, approximately 400 LVMPD officers were appointed into one of two groups: a “treatment” group with body-worn cams and a “control” group without. After one year in the trial, the number of officers with at least one grievance of misconduct had actually decreased 30 percent for officers with body-worn cams, however had reduced only 5 percent for control officers. Likewise, the variety of officers with a minimum of one usage of force incident had reduced 37 percent for officers with body-worn electronic cameras, but occurrences increased 4 percent for control officers. Body-worn video cameras were likewise associated with more citations issued (an increase of 8 percent) and more arrests made (an increase of 6 percent).

The analysis also revealed a significant total cost savings due to fewer complaints of misconduct and fewer resources spent on misconduct examinations. The study pointed out expenses of body-worn cameras between $828 and $1,097 per user, each year. The expense savings from fewer misbehavior grievances and investigations were estimated by authors to be more than $4,000 per user yearly.

“This research, part of a growing body of strenuous research study concerning body-worn cameras, offers important information to the increasing variety of police companies implementing body-worn video cameras in the United States,” said study co-author Chip Coldren, handling director of justice programs at CNA. “It provides compelling proof electronic cameras can generate cost savings by simplifying problem resolution, which can amount to countless dollars for a significant city and lead to big decreases in using force by police.”

Check out the full report here.

About UNLV Center for Criminal Offense and Justice Policy.

The UNLV Center for Criminal Offense and Justice Policy, part of the Greenspun College of Urban Affairs, utilizes applied research study to help notify criminal justice practice. The center is directed by UNLV criminal justice teacher William Sousa and works carefully with neighborhood groups, social service companies, and criminal justice specialists. The center takes advantage of the know-how of UNLV faculty who specialize in all locations of scientific inquiry and policy development, especially in the field of criminal justice. Tasks have actually covered a wide variety of criminal justice topics, including police techniques and technologies, school violence, neighborhood criminal offense avoidance, community corrections, and prisoner re-entry.

Study: Authorities Body-Worn Cameras Effective in Reducing Reports of Misconduct, Usage of Force

A brand-new study on the effects of body-worn video cameras on law enforcement officer concluded that the innovation is related to considerable reductions in problems of police misconduct and authorities usage of force incidents.

The research study, conducted by UNLV’s Center for Criminal activity and Justice Policy and Virginia-based non-profit research organization CNA in coordination with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Cops Department (LVMPD), also found that body-worn video cameras can create substantial cost savings for police by simplifying the problem resolution procedure.

According to study authors, “these results follow the perceived advantages of the body-worn cam innovation and support the idea that body-worn video cameras can assist to improve relations in between authorities and communities.”

The United States Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice moneyed the study start in 2014 to figure out the impact of the relatively recent innovation on a variety of outcomes connected to use of force, misbehavior, and to information the cost-benefit of the video cameras. LVMPD was one of the very first large cops agencies in the U.S. to equip its officers with body-worn video cameras.

Utilizing a randomized controlled trial, around 400 LVMPD officers were assigned into one of two groups: a “treatment” group with body-worn electronic cameras and a “control” group without. After one year in the trial, the variety of officers with a minimum of one grievance of misbehavior had decreased 30 percent for officers with body-worn video cameras, but had reduced only 5 percent for control officers. Likewise, the number of officers with at least one usage of force occurrence had actually decreased 37 percent for officers with body-worn electronic cameras, however events increased 4 percent for control officers. Body-worn cams were likewise connected with more citations issued (a boost of 8 percent) and more arrests made (an increase of 6 percent).

The analysis likewise exposed a substantial total expense savings due to fewer complaints of misconduct and fewer resources invested in misbehavior examinations. The research study mentioned costs of body-worn cams in between $828 and $1,097 per user, per year. The cost savings from fewer misconduct grievances and investigations were estimated by authors to be more than $4,000 per user each year.

Check out the complete report here.

About UNLV Center for Crime and Justice Policy

The UNLV Center for Criminal Activity and Justice Policy, part of the Greenspun College of Urban Affairs, utilizes used research study to help inform criminal justice practice. The center is directed by UNLV criminal justice professor William Sousa and works closely with neighborhood groups, social service organizations, and criminal justice experts. The center capitalizes on the expertise of UNLV faculty who specialize in all locations of clinical inquiry and policy advancement, particularly in the field of criminal justice. Jobs have actually covered a wide variety of criminal justice subjects, including authorities techniques and technologies, school violence, community criminal offense avoidance, neighborhood corrections, and prisoner re-entry.

Landmark research study is an action towards enhanced security in expert combating and other sports

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