The UNLV School of Medicine Department of Surgery was recently awarded a grant from the Nevada Department of Public Security to continue its work towards understanding and avoiding traffic-related injuries and deaths in Nevada.
Dr. Deborah Kuhls, teacher of surgical treatment, and co-investigator Laura Gryder used previous grant funding to create a comprehensive database from 2005-2015 Nevada Department of Transportation crash data and associated info from injury centers statewide.
The current $235,000 grant will enable researchers to continue their work, which includes introducing and examining information from the past two years and examining present pedestrian safety education efforts.
“This data enables us to analyze crashes and risk-taking behaviors in relation to difficult medical expenses and outcomes, and it likewise contributes required background to support safety related legislation,” said Dr. Kuhls.
According to researchers, deaths and injuries from vehicle-related crashes have actually risen steadily in Nevada since 2009. Amongst the task’s findings to this day:
The highest portion of traffic casualties for those admitted to a Nevada trauma center in between 2005-2015 were from pedestrian crashes (7.5 percent), followed by motorbike crashes (4.3 percent) and motor vehicle crashes (2.6 percent).
Analysis from the database shows rear-seated teenager passengers are 70 percent most likely to not wear a seatbelt than those in the front seat. After a crash, they have higher accumulated hospital charges, spend more days in the healthcare facility, and more days in the ICU than those using seat belts.
Crash-trauma information from 2012-2014 reveals that average hospital charges for a moped crash are $8,120 more for riders who don’t wear helmets compared to helmeted riders. Injuries to the extremities and to the head and neck are most typical. Moped riders in Nevada are not currently required to use a helmet.
Around 30 percent of pedestrian crash patients brought to a Nevada injury center were crossing the street poorly. They spent more days in the health center and accumulated significantly greater median healthcare facility expenses ($113,475 vs. $52,727) compared to pedestrians who were injured while crossing properly.
“By performing this research study, we can continue to supply essential info to legal, community, and state companies,” Gryder stated. “We can utilize the information to establish the most proper, targeted injury prevention interventions to make the biggest possible effect on the lives of citizens of our state.”