Things you really have no idea about hepatitis

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Sunday, July 19, 2015|2 a.m.

The majority of people are familiar with hepatitis by name, however there are many misconceptions and misconceptions about the condition itself.

“Hepatitis describes an inflammation of the liver and is the name of a series of viral conditions– A, B, C, D and E,” stated Dr. Shirin Rahman of Dawn Health center and Medical Center.

While each type of hepatitis is caused by a various virus, has differing modes of transmission and can affect the liver differently, they all typically present comparable signs.

Signs for all pressures

– Weak point and tiredness

– Queasiness and vomiting

– Abdominal discomfort (particularly in the liver location, which is on the best side underneath your lower ribs)

– Fever

– Loss of cravings

– Dark urine

– Joint discomfort

– Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice)

What is the diagnosis?

Hepatitis can be acute (lasting six months or less) or chronic (lasting the client’s lifetime). Acute hepatitis generally does not cause lasting liver damage, however chronic hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, liver failure and other problems.

Hepatitis A

Sign onset: Signs typically do not present for 2 to 4 weeks, if at all.

How it is sent:

– Infected food or food dealt with by someone with the virus who did not completely clean his or her hands

– Drinking contaminated water

– Consuming raw shellfish from sewage-polluted water

– Being in close contact with somebody who has the virus

Vaccine: Yes

Treatment: Can be handled with antiviral medication if required

Result: Hepatitis An usually is acute and clears on its own in 6 months or less. If it ends up being chronic, it typically does not cause long lasting damage to the liver, however it can be spread to other individuals.

Hepatitis B

Symptom onset: Signs generally present one to 4 months after exposure, if at all.

How it is transferred

– Having sex with somebody who has the virus (It can be shared through saliva, blood, semen or vaginal fluid).

– Sharing needles

– Unintentional needle sticks (a concern for healthcare workers)

– From mother to kid during birth

Vaccine: Yes

Treatment: Can be handled with antiviral medication if needed, especially if medication is administered within 24 hours of exposure. The vaccine can be given right away at birth to babies born to mothers who have the virus.

Outcome: The majority of people who contract hepatitis B as grownups have a severe response and recover totally. Individuals who contract it throughout youth, particularly prior to age 5, generally establish chronic hepatitis.

Hepatitis C

Symptom beginning: Acute infections can occur throughout the first six months of exposure, but 75 to 85 percent of severe infections develop into chronic infections. Ongoing chronic infections can go unnoticed for decades without presenting signs, then unexpectedly trigger severe liver damage or illness.

There can be extra symptoms specific to this strain.

It is uncommon for hepatitis C to present signs throughout the severe phase, but liver damage caused by chronic hepatitis C can cause the following signs:

– Bleeding and bruising easily

– Itchy skin

– Ascites (fluid build-up in the abdominal area)

– Leg swelling

– Weight-loss

– Hepatic encephalopathy (confusion, sleepiness, slurred speech)

– Spider-like blood vessels

How it is transferred

– Sharing needles

– Unintended needle sticks (an issue for health care workers)

– From mother to child during birth

– Unsanitized tattoos or piercings

– Sharing personal care products that might can be found in contact with another person’s blood (razors or tooth brushes)

– Research study still is being done to identify whether hepatitis C can be transferred through sexual contact, and if so, how commonly that occurs.

Vaccine: No

Treatment: Can be managed with antiviral medication if needed

Result: Patients with chronic hepatitis C have a 60 to 70 percent chance of developing possibly lethal chronic liver condition.

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