(CNN)– Anisakiasis, an illness caused by eating parasite-contaminated fish or seafood, is on the rise in Western countries where eating sushi and other raw or undercooked fish and seafood meals has gotten appeal, according to a report published Thursday in BMJ Case Reports.
The authors draw a picture of the disease from the experience of a formerly healthy 32-year-old male who established severe upper gut discomfort, vomiting and fever that lasted a week prior to he got in the medical facility.
Dr. Joana Carmo, lead author and a physician in the gastroenterology department of the Medical facility of Egas Moniz in Lisbon, Portugal, and her co-authors state a physical exam indicated inflammation in the abdominal area, while the lab results revealed an increase in leukocyte, which is a normal indication of infection.
Throughout an interview, the guy stated he had actually recently eaten sushi.
Based upon this dietary information, his medical professionals performed an upper intestinal endoscopy: a non-surgical assessment of the gastrointestinal system, using a flexible tube with a light and video camera on the end. This inner vision revealed an inflamed digestive tract membrane with a strongly connected parasite, its end penetrating the stomach.
The very first case of human infection with anisakiasis was described by researchers in the Netherlands throughout the 1960s. Due to the fact that this very first record occurred after the patient had consumed some lightly salted herring, the infection was originally described as “herring worm illness.”
Since then, cases have appeared in many other countries, though “primarily in Japan since of the regular consumption of raw fish,” Carmo stated.
Although the anisakis parasite can live as a larva for numerous weeks in a human stomach, it will pass away before turning into a grownup. However prior to it dies, it produces an inflamed mass in the esophagus, stomach or intestine.
Without treatment stomach disease can cause chronic, ulcer-like symptoms lasting for weeks to months, Bao stated.
Though treatment is not always needed, removal by endoscopy may be necessary to relieve symptoms. No specific drug has been determined to kill the live parasites, Bao stated, adding that “surgical elimination is periodically needed.”
There are other methods of getting rid of the worm.
“Some people experience a tingling experience after or while consuming raw or undercooked fish or squid. This is really the worm relocating the mouth or throat,” reads the CDC website. In such cases, it is possible to spend the worm or remove it by hand. Often, vomiting expels the worm.
To help minimize the threat of health problem caused by consuming fish or squid, the Fda has food security programs and threat reduction procedures (PDF) that distributors of fish and squid are anticipated to follow.
“For instance, freezing fish to the suitable temperature and for the proper duration can kill parasites,” Rowland stated. The European Union follows comparable practices, inning accordance with Carmo.
Together with avoiding raw fish, the CDC advises that seafood be prepared to an internal temperature of a minimum of 145 ° F (about 63 ° C). Carmo stated freezing to minus-20 degrees Celsius for a minimum of 72 hours likewise eliminates the parasite.
Some individuals, however, will never ever quit consuming their cherished sushi or other raw fish thrills.
“Correctly qualified sushi chefs can identify anisakis larvae,” Carmo stated. “They are grossly noticeable in the fish.”
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